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Near Tule Lake in Siskiyou County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Canby Cross

 
 
Canby Cross Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 20, 2015
1. Canby Cross Marker
Inscription. Over the years, various individuals and group have made efforts to memorialize the death of General E.R.S. Canby, the only general to be killed in an Indian War. This wooden cross is a replica of an original erected by a U.S. soldier in 1882, just nine years after the event. Some of the very same troops Canby had commanded here in the lava beds were still fighting other Indian Wars, and public interest and emotion about such conflicts ran high.
Although the inscription on the cross may elicit strong emotions in some modern visitors, it illuminates the point that other people see events through the lens of their own culture and time. In 1873, what some Modocs considered a justifiable war tactic, the U.S. Arms considered murder. No monument commemorates the places where Modocs may have felt their attempts to live peaceably were betrayed.
More than any other Modoc War site, Canby Cross represents the vast gulf between the predictions of the two sides during wartime, and challenges us to look beyond history to the assumption of our own cultures. As in all wars, there were no innocent parties in this conflict.
 
Location. 41° 49.112′ N, 121° 32.615′ W. Marker is near Tule Lake, California, in Siskiyou County. Marker can be reached from County Route
Canby Cross Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 20, 2015
2. Canby Cross Marker
120 near Hill Road (County Route 10), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tulelake CA 96134, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Last Meeting of the Peace Commission (within shouting distance of this marker); Attracted to Water (approx. 0.7 miles away); War in the Lava Beds (approx. mile away); Modoc War Casualties (approx. 0.8 miles away); River of Rocks - The Devils Homestead Lava Flow (approx. 2 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. 2 miles away); The Road to the Stronghold (approx. 2.3 miles away); Lava Fortress (approx. 2.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Tule Lake.
 
More about this marker. A short trail from the parking lot leads to Canby Cross.
 
Also see . . .  Edward Canby - Wikipedia. In August 1872, Canby was posted to command the Pacific Northwest. He soon faced problems with the Modoc tribe, who had traditionally lived in Northern California... General Canby had received conflicting orders from Washington as to whether to make peace or war on the Modoc. As war was not working, the US government authorized a peace commission and assigned Canby a key position on it. (Submitted on August 30, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Canby Cross Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 20, 2015
3. Canby Cross Marker
The inscription on the cross reads:
Gen. Canby USA was murdered here by the Modocs April 11, 1873.
 
 
Additional keywords. Modoc War
 
Categories. Wars, US Indian
 
General E.R.S. Canby image. Click for full size.
Wikipedia
4. General E.R.S. Canby
The murder of the Peace Commissioners image. Click for full size.
Wikipedia
5. The murder of the Peace Commissioners
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 188 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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