Dumbarton in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
Rock of the Clyde
—Dumbarton Castle —
Over the past 1,500 years the rock has served as the centre of the British kingdom of Strathclyde, a medieval frontier post, and on occasion, a royal residence.
Following the 1715 Jacobite Rising it became a garrison fortress, its impressive defences bristling with guns.
Did you know?
The rock is around 335 million years old. It was originally a plug of cooled lava blocking a volcano. The softer surrounding rocks have worn away leaving it standing prominently above the estuary.
1. Governor's House built in 1735 for John, 8th Earl of Cassilis.
2. Guard House: rebuilt in the 16th century.
3. Portcullis Arch: built late 14th century. Secured access from the south.
4. French Prison and remains of Wallace Tower: Built in 1790 and then used to hold prisoners from the Napoleonic Wars. Wallace Tower, built in the 1400's, may have served as a royal residence.
5. Battery: The Duke of Argyll's Battery was named in 1795 when it was upgraded to hold heavier guns.
6. Powder Magazine: built in 1748 to hold 150 barrels of gunpowder.
Saint Patrick of Ireland writes to King Ceretic of Strathclyde reprimanding him for raiding his Irish converts.
Vikings capture the Rock after a four-month
William Wallace is captured by the keeper of Dumbarton Castle near Glasgow and sent to London.
James IV besieges the castle, then held by the rebellious Earl of Lennox.
Mary Queen of Scots stays at the castle for six months before sailing to France.
Major General Wade orders the wholesale refortification of the castles defences.
German bombs fall on Dumbarton Rock; its first attack in 300 years.
Location. 55° 56.164′ N, 4° 33.743′ W. Marker is in Dumbarton, Scotland, in West Dunbartonshire. Marker can be reached from Castle Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Dumbarton, Scotland G82 1JJ, United Kingdom.
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 13 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Memorial (approx. 12.1 kilometers away); William Wallace Birthplace Memorial (approx. 12.1 kilometers away); Welcome to the traditional site of William Wallace's birthplace (approx. 12.1 kilometers away); The Yew Tree, The Wallace Oak, and The Cult of William Wallace (approx. 12.1 kilometers away).
Also see . . .
1. Historic Scotland- Dumbarton Castle. (Submitted on September 1, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.)
2. Dumbarton Castle - Wikipedia. (Submitted on September 1, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 174 times since then and 83 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.