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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Dumbarton in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
 

Alt Clut

Rock of the Clyde

 

—Dumbarton Castle —

 
Alt Clut Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
1. Alt Clut Marker
Inscription.
Over the past 1,500 years the rock has served as the centre of the British kingdom of Strathclyde, a medieval frontier post, and on occasion, a royal residence.

Following the 1715 Jacobite Rising it became a garrison fortress, its impressive defences bristling with guns.

Did you know?
The rock is around 335 million years old. It was originally a plug of cooled lava blocking a volcano. The softer surrounding rocks have worn away leaving it standing prominently above the estuary.

1. Governor's House built in 1735 for John, 8th Earl of Cassilis.

2. Guard House: rebuilt in the 16th century.

3. Portcullis Arch: built late 14th century. Secured access from the south.

4. French Prison and remains of Wallace Tower: Built in 1790 and then used to hold prisoners from the Napoleonic Wars. Wallace Tower, built in the 1400's, may have served as a royal residence.

5. Battery: The Duke of Argyll's Battery was named in 1795 when it was upgraded to hold heavier guns.

6. Powder Magazine: built in 1748 to hold 150 barrels of gunpowder.

Key Dates
C.450
Saint Patrick of Ireland writes to King Ceretic of Strathclyde reprimanding him for raiding his Irish converts.

870
Vikings capture the Rock after a four-month
Alt Clut Marker & The Governor's House image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
2. Alt Clut Marker & The Governor's House
Marker is distance (yellow arrow)
siege.

1305
William Wallace is captured by the keeper of Dumbarton Castle near Glasgow and sent to London.

1489
James IV besieges the castle, then held by the rebellious Earl of Lennox.

1548
Mary Queen of Scots stays at the castle for six months before sailing to France.

1730
Major General Wade orders the wholesale refortification of the castles defences.

1941
German bombs fall on Dumbarton Rock; its first attack in 300 years.
 
Location. 55° 56.164′ N, 4° 33.743′ W. Marker is in Dumbarton, Scotland, in West Dunbartonshire. Marker can be reached from Castle Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Dumbarton, Scotland G82 1JJ, United Kingdom.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 13 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Memorial (approx. 12.1 kilometers away); William Wallace Birthplace Memorial (approx. 12.1 kilometers away); Welcome to the traditional site of William Wallace's birthplace (approx. 12.1 kilometers away); The Yew Tree, The Wallace Oak, and The Cult of William Wallace (approx. 12.1 kilometers away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Historic Scotland- Dumbarton Castle. (Submitted on September 1, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.)
2. Dumbarton Castle - Wikipedia.
The Rock image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
3. The Rock
(Submitted on September 1, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.)
 
Categories. Forts, Castles
 
The Battery image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
4. The Battery
The Battery over the River Clyde image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
5. The Battery over the River Clyde
Looking in the direction of Glasgow.
Battery overlooking River Clyde image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
6. Battery overlooking River Clyde
Portcullis Arch image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
7. Portcullis Arch
French Prison & Remains of Wallace Tower image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
8. French Prison & Remains of Wallace Tower
Duke of Argyll's Battery & Powder Magazine image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
9. Duke of Argyll's Battery & Powder Magazine
River Clyde leading out to the Firth of Clyde image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
10. River Clyde leading out to the Firth of Clyde
Dumbarton Rock Kiosk in foreground.
Dumbarton Rock Kiosk image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
11. Dumbarton Rock Kiosk
Around the Rock Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
12. Around the Rock Marker
Dun Breatann - Fortress of the Britons Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, May 31, 2013
13. Dun Breatann - Fortress of the Britons Marker
Dumbarton Castle 1905 image. Click for full size.
Photochrom postcard by the Detroit Photographic Company, 1905
14. Dumbarton Castle 1905
Courtesy of the Library of Congress:
Photochrom Print Collection - Library of Congress Catalog: http://lccn.loc.gov/2001705975
Title from the Detroit Publishing Co., catalogue J-foreign section. Detroit, Mich. : Detroit Photographic Company, 1905.; More information about the Photochrom Print Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.pgz; Print no. "13088".; Forms part of: Views of landscape and architecture in Scotland in the Photochrom print collection.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 198 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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