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Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Field of Battle

 

—The Battle of Fredericksburg —

 
Field of Battle Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
1. Field of Battle Marker
Inscription. This photograph, taken from the heights to your right-rear, shows the landscape in front of you as it appeared the year after the Battle of Fredericksburg. The town of Fredericksburg sits atop the ridge in the distance; the spire of St. George's Episcopal Church dominates the skyline (and it still does).

Before the war, much of the open ground in this view had been Fredericksburg's fairgrounds. Fences that once enclosed them and sheds that once dotted the fairgrounds were swept away during the December 1862 battle.

For eight hours on December 13, 1862 these open fields became a killing ground. After the war, the dead buried here were disinterred, and slowly the town grew westward. The neighborhood that now stands in front of you was built between 1890 and 1930.
 
Erected by Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Dept. of the Interior.
 
Location. 38° 17.692′ N, 77° 28.09′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is on Sunken Road 0.1 miles north of Lafayette Boulevard (Virginia Highway 1), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located on the Sunken Road walking trail, which starts at the Fredericksburg battlefield visitor center.
Marker on the Sunken Road image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 15, 2008
2. Marker on the Sunken Road
The Sunken Road is closed to vehicle traffic. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Union Attacks Begin (a few steps from this marker); Sunken Road Walking Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); The Willis Hill Buildings (within shouting distance of this marker); The Confederate Line (within shouting distance of this marker); Thomas R. R. Cobb (within shouting distance of this marker); The Stephens House (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederates on the Ridge (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Fredericksburg.
 
More about this marker. On the marker is a wartime photograph looking from the Sunken Road across to Fredericksburg. The locations of Stratton House and St. George's Episcopal Church are indicated, along with the trace of the Sunken Road.
 
Also see . . .  Sunken Road Walking Trail Virtual Tour. National Park Service page. (Submitted on July 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Similar View from Marye's Heights Today image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
3. Similar View from Marye's Heights Today
Or more precisely from Willis Hill looking into Fredericksburg. The marker is under the oak tree on the right side of the photo, and it's face shows up as a white rectangle peaking above the grass line just right of center. The spire of the Episcopal Church sticks out of the trees in the distant center.
Fredericksburg Map Painting image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
4. Fredericksburg Map Painting
Located between the Visitor Center and Bookstore is this painted map indicating important events in the Fredericksburg Campaign. Since the narrative is difficult to read from a photograph, the key points are superimposed here by red numbers and letters:

(1). November 19, 1862 Burnside's Union Army arrives opposite Fredericksburg.

(2). December 11, Federal pontoon bridges are resisted by Confederate riflemen along the river bank.

(3). Shortly before the attacks on this end of the battlefield began, a Union assault against Stonewall Jackson's line (off this map to the south) was beaten back after a brief success.

(4). December 13. The main Union attacks against Marye's Heights are easily and bloodily repulsed.

(A). Phillips House. Burnsides headquarters. Burned after the battle.

(B). Washington's Boyhood Home.

(C). Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad.

(D). "You are here."
The Map near the Visitor Center image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 13, 2008
5. The Map near the Visitor Center
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,819 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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