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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pennsville in Salem County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Observation Towers

Fort Mott State Park

 
 
Observation Towers Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, September 6, 2015
1. Observation Towers Marker
Inscription. Fifty-two feet above the ground, soldiers in this observational tower were able to identify an enemy vessel, calculate its speed and distance, note weather conditions and communicate this information to the main plotting room and the ten-inch guns at Battery Harker. Soldiers at the gun batterys used this information to compensate for weather, set the firing range and direction and potentially fire at an unsuspecting vessel.

This tower was completed in 1903. It has two levels: an observation room and meteorological station on the glass-topped upper level, and a target plotting room below, from critical data would be relayed to soldiers aiming the big guns.

Vibration Dampening Device
When the big guns were fired, vibrations similar to a small earthquake affected the delicate instrumentation contained with the observation towers. Soldiers had to continuously adjust their instruments to make accurate readings. To solve this problem Army engineers designed a concrete-filled tube below the tower and attached it between the instrument platform and the ground. The tube was then encased in a steel jacket. It served as a basic vibration-dampening device to protect the instruments and a means of insulating power and phone wiring as well.

(Inscription under the image in the lower left)
Fort Mott Range Finder. This two-story

Observation Towers image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, September 6, 2015
2. Observation Towers
observation tower helped soldiers detect enemy vessels traveling on the Delaware River and relay their course to the gun crews.

(Inscription under the image in the lower right)
If you look across the moat toward the river, you will see the second tower. This fifty-five foot high tower has a single observation level for taking accurate sights on enemy targets. Its primary function was to obtain target information for the twelve-inch guns of Battery Arnold.
 
Location. 39° 36.257′ N, 75° 33.027′ W. Marker is in Pennsville, New Jersey, in Salem County. Marker is on Fort Mott Road. Click for map. The marker is located on the grounds of Fort Mott State Park. Marker is in this post office area: Pennsville NJ 08070, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Moat and the Parados (a few steps from this marker); Battery Harker (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battery Gregg (about 300 feet away); Welcome (to Fort Mott) (about 400 feet away); The Wharf (about 500 feet away); Two Batteries in one (about 600 feet away); The Latrines (about 600 feet away); Pea Patch Island (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Pennsville.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, Spanish-American

 
Welcome sign to Fort Mott image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, September 6, 2015
3. Welcome sign to Fort Mott
Sign at the entrance to the Park image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, September 6, 2015
4. Sign at the entrance to the Park
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 133 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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