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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Grenville in Union County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

The Santa Fe Trail

Santa Fe Trail National Scenic Byway

 
 
The Santa Fe Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 15, 2015
1. The Santa Fe Trail Marker
Inscription. Stretching 900 miles from Franklin, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico, the Santa Fe Trail was one of the most important North American trade routes of the nineteenth century. Begun in 1821, it was in use for 60 years until the arrival of the railroad. It was a hardy traveler who attempted the journey. Wagon trains up to 500 wagons long traversed the trail through blizzards, stampedes, dust storms, fires, disease, and Indian attacks. And often they lacked for water.

Here, near two landmarks of the trail, Round Mound and Rabbit Ears, wagon trains camped for the night. William Becknell, the trader who inaugurated the Santa Fe Trail in 1821, came this way on his return trip east while forging the smoother Cimarron Route across the plains.

Two-way Street
Unlike the great emigrant trails to the north, the Santa Fe Trail ran both ways, with traders from Mexico, or returning U.S. traders, carrying Mexican silver, gold, mules, buffalo and beaver pelts to waiting markets in Missouri.

"As the caravans passed under the northern base of the Round Mound, it presented a very fine and imposing spectacle to those who were upon its summit. The wagons marched slowly in four parallel columns . . . .The unceasing 'crack, crack,' of the wagoners' whips, resembling the frequent reports of distant guns."
 Trader
Two Santa Fe Trail Markers image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 15, 2015
2. Two Santa Fe Trail Markers
Josiah Gregg, in his chronicle of trail travel, Commerce of the Prairies, 1844
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Santa Fe Trail marker series.
 
Location. 36° 33.992′ N, 103° 34.019′ W. Marker is near Grenville, New Mexico, in Union County. Marker is on U.S. 64 0.3 miles south of 1st Street (Route 453), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Grenville NM 88424, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within walking distance of this marker. Santa-Fe Trail (here, next to this marker).
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. New Mexico Scenic Drive: Santa Fe Trail. (Submitted on September 19, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Wikipedia article on William Becknell. (Submitted on September 19, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers
 
Santa Fe Trail depiction. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 15, 2015
3. Santa Fe Trail depiction.
Santa-Fe Trail Map in New Mexico image. Click for full size.
the Federal Highway Administration and the New Mexico Department of Tourism.
4. Santa-Fe Trail Map in New Mexico
Marker is located near the trail shown to the right of map.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 148 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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