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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Dumas in Moore County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Site of Historic Drift Fence

 
 
Site of Historic Drift Fence Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 15, 2015
1. Site of Historic Drift Fence Marker
Inscription. Until the mid-1880's, no range fences existed in the Texas Panhandle. Thus when winter blizzards came, cattle drifted from Oklahoma, Colorado and Kansas to the Texas ranches of T ("Box T"--Dominion Cattle Co. Ltd.), 7K ("Seven K"--York, Parker & Draper), CC ("Bar C's"--Creswell Land & Cattle Co.), ("Turkey Track"--Hansford Land & Cattle Co.), LX (Bates & Beal), LIT (Littlefield), and LE (Lee & Reynolds). The influx caused these ranches in the Canadian River breaks to be overgrazed, for by spring roundup there were as many northern as local cattle in the herds.

To prevent the costly and time-consuming job of separating the cattle, each Texas rancher agreed to construct a fence along his north boundary line. The resulting fence was 200 miles long and ran from the northeast corner of the Panhandle southwest to near the site where Dumas was later founded, then west about 35 miles into New Mexico. It was a 4-strand, 4-barb fence with posts 30 feet apart and a gate every 3 miles. The materials amounted to about 65 carloads of wire and posts hauled from Dodge City.

In 1890, however, to comply with an 1889 state law prohibiting any fence from crossing or enclosing public property, most of the fence was removed.
 
Erected 1969 by State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number 4810.)
Marker located in front of visitors center. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 15, 2015
2. Marker located in front of visitors center.

 
Location. 35° 50.503′ N, 101° 58.352′ W. Marker is in Dumas, Texas, in Moore County. Marker is at the intersection of South Dumas Avenue (U.S. 287) and South Bliss Avenue, on the right when traveling north on South Dumas Avenue. Click for map. Located on the front lawn of the Dumas Visitor's Center and Chamber of Commerce. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1901 South Dumas Avenue, Dumas TX 79029, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Geological Riches of Moore County (a few steps from this marker); City of Dumas (approx. 1.1 miles away); Moore County Courthouse (approx. 1.1 miles away); Moore County (approx. 5.6 miles away); Route of the Old Tascosa-Dodge City Trail (approx. 5.6 miles away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Texas State Historical Association article on Drift Fence. (Submitted on September 19, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Wikipedia article on Drift Fence. (Submitted on September 19, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. AgricultureAnimals
 
View towards Dumas Avenue image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 15, 2015
3. View towards Dumas Avenue
Lion's Club sponsored flags installation.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 179 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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