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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Justiceburg in Garza County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Llano Estacado

 
 
Llano Estacado Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 16, 2015
1. Llano Estacado Marker
Inscription. Stretching across the horizon as a range of flat topped mountains is the Cap Rock Escarpment, eastern boundary of the vast Llano Estacado or "Staked Plains." The Llano, one of the world's most perfect plains regions, is an elongated oval extending from north to south. Some three quarters of it, 20 million acres, are in Texas. The remainder is in eastern New Mexico. Its naturally treeless surface, unbroken except for several canyons, slopes gradually from an altitude of 2,700 feet at its eastern edge to more than 4,000 feet along the New Mexico border.

The Cap Rock Escarpment is the result of surface erosion that began in the early pleistocene period some 750,000 years ago. Composed of tough caliche, the Cap Rock has protected the softer materials underlying it, thus resisting the erosive factors with varying success. The escarpment begins in Borden County 25 miles south of this point and extends northward in a sweeping arc 170 miles into the Texas Panhandle. It rises from 300 feet to 1,000 feet above the lower plains at its base, giving the impression of having been thrust upward out of the surrounding land.

First white man to visit the Great Plains was the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Coronado who crossed them in 1541 on his search for the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola. He was especially impressed by the
View looking east towards U.S. Highway 84 & OS Ranch Marker. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 16, 2015
2. View looking east towards U.S. Highway 84 & OS Ranch Marker.
sea of grass which covered the soil so completely that the tracks of his expedition left no permanent mark. The Spaniards, it is said, staked their route so they would be guided on the return-trip-- hence the term "staked" plains.

Because of the scarcity of surface water, the Llano was generally shunned by buffalo and Indians until the encroachment of settlers in the lower areas drove them onto it. The native grasses supported an immense ranching empire following the extinction of the buffalo. More recently the Llano has become one of the nation's leading cotton, wheat and grain sorghum producing areas.
 
Erected 1963 by Texas Highway Department. (Marker Number 3106.)
 
Location. 33° 6.175′ N, 101° 15.7′ W. Marker is near Justiceburg, Texas, in Garza County. Marker is on U.S. 84 0.4 miles from County Road 298, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located at southern end of highway rest area. Marker is in this post office area: Justiceburg TX 79330, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. OS Ranch (a few steps from this marker); Mrs. Merriweather Post (approx. 9.2 miles away); Charles W. Post (approx.
Marker looking north towards rest area & Highway 84. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 16, 2015
3. Marker looking north towards rest area & Highway 84.
9.2 miles away); Garza County (approx. 9.2 miles away); Garza County Courthouse (approx. 9.2 miles away); Old Post Sanitarium (approx. 9.4 miles away); Mason Memorial Building (approx. 9.4 miles away); C. W. Post Home (approx. 9.4 miles away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on Llano Estacado. (Submitted on September 21, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Texas State Historical Association article. (Submitted on September 21, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. EnvironmentNatural Features
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 164 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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