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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St Andrews, Scotland, United Kingdom
 

The Many Faces of St Andrews Castle

 
 
The Many Faces of St Andrews Castle Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
1. The Many Faces of St Andrews Castle Marker
Inscription.
Home to the most senior bishops and archbishops in Scotland, the castle was razed and rebuilt several times over.

The Castle in the 1520s
Archbishop James Beaton built the substantial circular gun towers or block houses in an atmosphere of growing national crisis. In 1513 James IV had led Scottish forces into open combat with English troops at Flodden, Northumberland. He and many Scottish nobles were killed.

The Hamilton Facade
Archbishop John Hamilton carried out extensive repairs to the damage caused during the siege of 1547. The entrance before you was the most impressive part, with a carving of his coat of arms and frieze of five-petalled flowers or cinquefoils - his family emblem.

1. Block House:
The very thick walls were designed to protect gunners in the castle from heavy artillery fire.
2. Bottle Dungeon:
A dark and airless pit carved out of solid rock. 'Many of God's children were imprisoned here,' wrote John Knox.
3. Archbishop's Lodgings:
Spacious accommodation of the first floor; lit by large south-facing windows in Archbishop Hamilton's time.
4. Mine and Countermine:
During the 1546-7 siege, attackers tried tunnel under the walls in order to blow them up. The defenders dug to intercept them.

Timeline
1189-1202
Bishop
St Andrews Castle image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
2. St Andrews Castle
Roger builds a castle here.

1296-1357
Wars of Independence. The castle is taken by the English and retaken by the Scots several times before razed in 1337.

1400
Bishop Walter Trail rebuilds the castle.

1546-7
The castle is severely damaged during the Earl of Arran's siege.

1550s
Archbishop John Hamilton rebuilds the castle.
 
Erected by Historic Scotland.
 
Location. 56° 20.516′ N, 2° 47.422′ W. Marker is in St Andrews, Scotland. Marker is on East Scores. Click for map. Marker located at the entrance of St Andrews Castle.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 14 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Religious Powerhouse (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Lofty Beginnings (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The "Battle" of May Island (approx. 14.6 kilometers away).
 
Categories. Forts, Castles
 
The Many Faces of St Andrews Castle Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
3. The Many Faces of St Andrews Castle Marker
St Andrews Castle Grounds, looking toward the North Sea image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
4. St Andrews Castle Grounds, looking toward the North Sea
St Andrews Castle looking back toward the Entrance Gate and Archbishop's Lodgings image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
5. St Andrews Castle looking back toward the Entrance Gate and Archbishop's Lodgings
The Hamilton Facade & Entrance Gate image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
6. The Hamilton Facade & Entrance Gate
Carving of Hamilton's coat of arms and frieze of five-petalled flowers.
St Andrews Castle Visitor Centre Entrance image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
7. St Andrews Castle Visitor Centre Entrance
St Andrews Castle image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
8. St Andrews Castle
View of St Andrews Landmarks from St. Rule's Tower image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
9. View of St Andrews Landmarks from St. Rule's Tower
Major sites labeled (black and yellow text)
Bottle Dungeon image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
10. Bottle Dungeon
Mine and Countermine image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
11. Mine and Countermine
John Knox - galley slave image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
12. John Knox - galley slave
John Knox image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
13. John Knox
The Reformation and St Andrews image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
14. The Reformation and St Andrews
The Reformation Destruction image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 5, 2011
15. The Reformation Destruction
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 187 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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