St Andrews, Scotland, United Kingdom
The Many Faces of St Andrews Castle
Home to the most senior bishops and archbishops in Scotland, the castle was razed and rebuilt several times over.
The Castle in the 1520s
Archbishop James Beaton built the substantial circular gun towers or block houses in an atmosphere of growing national crisis. In 1513 James IV had led Scottish forces into open combat with English troops at Flodden, Northumberland. He and many Scottish nobles were killed.
The Hamilton Facade
Archbishop John Hamilton carried out extensive repairs to the damage caused during the siege of 1547. The entrance before you was the most impressive part, with a carving of his coat of arms and frieze of five-petalled flowers or cinquefoils - his family emblem.
1. Block House:
The very thick walls were designed to protect gunners in the castle from heavy artillery fire.
2. Bottle Dungeon:
A dark and airless pit carved out of solid rock. 'Many of God's children were imprisoned here,' wrote John Knox.
3. Archbishop's Lodgings:
Spacious accommodation of the first floor; lit by large south-facing windows in Archbishop Hamilton's time.
4. Mine and Countermine:
During the 1546-7 siege, attackers tried tunnel under the walls in order to blow them up. The defenders dug to intercept them.
Wars of Independence. The castle is taken by the English and retaken by the Scots several times before razed in 1337.
Bishop Walter Trail rebuilds the castle.
The castle is severely damaged during the Earl of Arran's siege.
Archbishop John Hamilton rebuilds the castle.
Erected by Historic Scotland.
Location. 56° 20.516′ N, 2° 47.422′ W. Marker is in St Andrews, Scotland. Marker is on East Scores. Click for map. Marker located at the entrance of St Andrews Castle.
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 14 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Religious Powerhouse (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Lofty Beginnings (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The "Battle" of May Island (approx. 14.6 kilometers away).
Categories. • Forts, Castles •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 137 times since then and 90 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.