Longview in Gregg County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Big Inch Pipeline
Before the United States entry into World War II following the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, ninety-five percent of the crude oil delivered to East Coast refineries was transported by tanker ships. Ninety percent of that oil originated from Texas oil fields.
Beginning in February 1942, many U.S. oil tankers en route from the Gulf of Mexico to the East Coast were sunk by German submarines. Recognizing the need to transport oil under safer circumstances, Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes developed a plan for massive overland oil pipeline. Under the auspices of the War Emergency Pipelines, Inc., construction began on the largest pipeline in history up to that time. Measuring twenty-four inches in diameter, the Big Inch pipeline extended from Longview to Norris City, Illinois, and eventually to refineries in the East.
The Big Inch pipeline's impact on the war effort was tremendous, enabling the safe and timely transport of oil products vital to the Allies. During the height of wartime service, over 300,000 barrels of oil were delivered each day over the 1,476-mile line. When the war ended the Big Inch continued in service after conversion to a natural gas pipeline.
Erected 1990 by the Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 9934.)
Location. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3116 South Martin Luther King Jr Boulevard, Longview TX 75602, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. When Mule Power Moved People (approx. 3 miles away); From Subsistence to Cash Crops (approx. 3 miles away); Longview Municipal Building and Central Fire Station (approx. 3.1 miles away); King Cotton (approx. 3.1 miles away); Then Came the Railroad (approx. 3.1 miles away); The Railroad Transforms a Pioneer Community (approx. 3.1 miles away); Longview Becomes the Hub for Railroad Expansion (approx. 3.1 miles away); Timber – The First Industry (approx. 3.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Longview.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . . Wikipedia article on the Big Inch pipeline. (Submitted on September 25, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Natural Resources • War, World II • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 164 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.