“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

The President's House Site 1790-1800

The President's House Site 1790-1800 Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
1. The President's House Site 1790-1800 Marker
Inscription. President George Washington called the elegant three-story brick mansion that once stood on this spot "the best single house in the city." Both Presidents Washington (1790-1797) and John Adams (1797-1800) lived and worked in this house, which was rented from financier Robert Morris. Washington's large household included enslaved African descendants, contrasted with Adams' small household. Adams never owned slaves.
The President's house in the 1790s was a mirror of the young republic, reflecting both the ideals and contradictions of the new nation. The house stood in the shadow of Independence Hall, where the words "All men are created equal" and We the People were adopted, but they did not apply to all who lived in the new United States of America.
Independence National Historical Park is working with the community to interpret the President's House Site and to commemorate the enslaved African descendants who lived and toiled there. A permanent exhibit will be created on this open site near the entrance to the Liberty Bell Center.
Left of Diagram
Records show that Washington and his family slept over the kitchen. His servants including the enslaved African descendants, slept in the former smokehouse and throughout the property. Adams left on record of how he used the house.
Hercules, Washington's
Outline of President's House Photo, Click for full size
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
2. Outline of President's House
Area is just in front of the entrance to the Liberty Bell building.
enslaved cook, presided in the kitchen and was considered one of the best chefs in America. In 1797 Hercules successfully seized his freedom. With the help of Philadelphia's large free African community, Oney Judge, Martha Washington's enslaved servant, escaped to freedom from here.
Bottom PortraitsGeorge Washington Attributed to Ellen Sharples, after James Sharples
John Adams by Charles Willson Peale, from life.
Hercules Attributed to Gilbert Stuart. Presumed to be George Washington's cook.
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 39° 57.029′ N, 75° 9.01′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Marker is at the intersection of Market Street and 6th Street, on the left when traveling west on Market Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Enslaved Africans in the Household of George and Martha Washington (here, next to this marker); Archeology Methods and Interpretation (here, next to this marker); The President's House - Washington and Adams (here, next to this marker); Gay Rights Demonstrations (about
Outline of the President's House from the rear. Photo, Click for full size
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
3. Outline of the President's House from the rear.
400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Bourse (about 400 feet away); In This Building (about 500 feet away); Haym Salomon (about 500 feet away); John F. Kennedy (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Philadelphia.
Also see . . .  Brief History of the President's House. (Submitted on July 8, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansGovernmentNotable BuildingsNotable Persons
Close view of diagram on marker. Photo, Click for full size
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
4. Close view of diagram on marker.
The President's House Site 1790-1800 Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Pat Filippone, June 19, 2013
5. The President's House Site 1790-1800 Marker
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 3,079 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.   5. submitted on , by Pat Filippone of Stockton, California. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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