The Vergennes Pump House
“People of Vergennes at the mercy of the ﬂames”
—-H.C. Johnson, Editor, Vergennes Vermonter, October 18, 1867 —
In Need of Water
Fire was the scourge of downtowns all across America in the nineteenth century. Buildings were destroyed by fire time and time again. Water often had to be transported from nearby rivers. Firefighting efforts were frequently in vain as fires were doused by hand-held buckets and hand pumps.
A City Waterworks
In 1868, Vergennes took its first steps to construct a city waterworks for fire protection by installing three turbine-powered water pumps at the base of Otter Creek Falls. The pumps proved unreliable, however. The City soon contracted with John P. Flanders, owner of the Vergennes Machine Company, to build a better pump. Flanders designed, cast, machined and subsequently patented all the parts of a unique double-acting piston pump. To house the new pump and turbine, the City constructed a 30 square-foot building in the Italianate style on an island at the top of the falls in 1874. The three foot thick walls were built of limestone quarried in Essex, New York.
The Flanders Water Pump
To power the pumps gears, cranks, and pistons, water from Otter Creek was diverted through a large water turbine in the lower level of the pump house. Water from the creek also was piped to a cistern in the lower level, where the sediment settled out before it was pumped to factories
Erected by City of Vergennes.
Location. 44° 10.003′ N, 73° 15.354′ W. Marker is in Vergennes, Vermont, in Addison County. Marker can be reached from Main Street (Vermont Route 22A), on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in small park approximately 50 yards from parking lot for 300 Main Street. Marker is in this post office area: Vergennes VT 05491, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Commerce at the Crossroads (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Life Along Otter Creek in Vergennes (within shouting distance of this marker); Macdonough Shipyard (approx. ¼ mile away); The Great Convention (approx. 2.8 miles away); "Rokeby" (approx. 3.9 miles away); Benedict Arnold (approx. 5.5 miles away); The Charlotte Whale (approx. 8.1 miles away); Silas Wright (approx. 9.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Vergennes.
Categories. • Charity & Public Work • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Donovan of Maplewood, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 163 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Donovan of Maplewood, New Jersey. 3. submitted on . • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.