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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Andersonville in Macon County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Earthwork Defenses

 
 
Earthwork Defenses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, November 8, 2008
1. Earthwork Defenses Marker
Inscription.
Half the cannon faced outward to defend against Union cavalry raids—spinoffs from Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. The other half were loaded with canister and trained on the prison grounds.

When the prison was operating, deep ditches fronted the earthworks. Palisades closed the rear of these V-shaped gun emplacements.

"We have here largely over 24,000 prisoners of war, and 1,205 very raw troops—with the measles prevailing, badly armed and worse disciplined—to guard them. With the present force, a raid on the post would almost of necessity be successful."
Brig. Gen. John Henry Winder, Prison Commander

(caption)
Time and erosion have modified the elaborate earthwork defenses, but the outlines are still visible. As you tour Andersonville, study the system of defenses, including the rifle-pits and Star Fort. The design reflects the prison officers' state of mind—the fear of uprising from the inside and attack from the outside.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 32° 11.824′ N, 84° 7.653′ W. Marker is in Andersonville, Georgia, in Macon County. Marker can be reached from Prison Site Road east of Cemetery Road, on the left
Earthwork Defenses Marker Map image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, November 8, 2008
2. Earthwork Defenses Marker Map
when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Andersonville GA 31711, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Memorial to American Former Prisoners of War Stalag XVII-B (within shouting distance of this marker); This Was Andersonville (within shouting distance of this marker); Memorial to POW’s at Hiroshima Japan (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battling Bastards of Bataan (within shouting distance of this marker); Monuments and Memories (within shouting distance of this marker); Shebangs (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); National Prisoner of War Museum (about 400 feet away); Clara Barton (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Andersonville.
 
Also see . . .  Andersonville National Historic Site. National Park Service (Submitted on October 2, 2015.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Earthwork Defenses Marker Illustration image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, November 8, 2008
3. Earthwork Defenses Marker Illustration
Earthwork Defenses location (yellow arrow).
Earthwork Defenses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, November 8, 2008
4. Earthwork Defenses Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 149 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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