“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Snowflake in Scott County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Houstonís Fort

Houstonís Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 17, 2015
1. Houstonís Fort Marker
Inscription. The first known settler of European descent in Scott County, Thomas McCullough, moved here in 1769 and lived on Big Moccasin Creek until about 1771. Houston's Fort, built by William Houston and other settlers about 1774 stood near McCullough's property on Big Moccasin Creek. The fort served as a defensive fortification for settlers on the frontier. During the American Revolution (1775 1783), periodic conflicts between Native Americans and settlers occurred there, in part because of increased settlement. In 1776, while riding home to his family, Samuel Cowan was wounded nearby during a Cherokee Indian attack. He died soon after at Fort Houston.
Erected 2003 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number K-17.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia, Clinch River Forts Circa 1774 marker series.
Location. 36° 42.85′ N, 82° 22.414′ W. Marker is near Snowflake, Virginia, in Scott County. Marker is on Big Moccasin Road (County Route 613) 6.7 miles east of Nickelsville Highway (Virginia Route 71), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gate City VA 24251, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of
Houstonís Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 17, 2015
2. Houstonís Fort Marker
this marker, measured as the crow flies. Kilgore Fort House (approx. 3.7 miles away); Early Settlers in Russell County (approx. 5.1 miles away); Dortonís Fort (approx. 8.4 miles away); Patrick Hagan and Dungannon (approx. 9.4 miles away); Patrick Porter (approx. 9.4 miles away); Flanary Archaeological Site (approx. 9.5 miles away); Dungannon Depot (approx. 9.5 miles away); Mooreís Fort (approx. 10.5 miles away).
More about this marker. An earlier version of a marker at this location with the same title and number read, “The first settlement in what is now Scott County was established on this site by Thomas McCulloch in 1769. In 1771, the settlement was abandoned in fear of Indian attack. William Houston, assignee of Thomas McCulloch, constructed a fort here in 1774. During an attack on the fort by a large force of Charokee Indians in 1776, Samuel Cowan, a messenger, was killed and scalped.”
Also see . . .  Frontier Forts of Southwest Virginia. 1968 article by Emory L. Hamilton in Historical Sketches of Southwest Virginia. Scroll down for the section about Houstonís Fort. Excerpt: “Samuel Cowan who lived in lower Castlewood had raced across country on a borrowed stud horse belonging to Deskin Tibbs to warn the station that Indians were in the area and arrived before any attack had been made upon the fort. After delivering his message he insisted upon returning to his home against the advice of those in the fort and started upon his return and was fired upon a short distance from the fort. The defenders of the fort hearing the shots sallied out to his assistance, found him shot and scalped, but still alive. He was carried into the fort, but died a short time afterwards. The horse Cowan was riding was uninjured and reached Castlewood, covered with sweat and lather from the long run, and Mrs. Cowan seeing the riderless horse fainted, knowing that her husband had been shot from the horse” (Submitted on October 23, 2015.) 
Categories. Forts, CastlesSettlements & SettlersWars, US Indian
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 129 times since then and 61 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo of the previous marker • Can you help?
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