Sharpsburg in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Advance and Retreat
—Early's 1864 Attack on Washington —
In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen. Jubal A. Early's corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to country Union Gen. David Hunter's army. After driving Hunter into west Virginia, Early invaded Maryland to attack Washington, D.C., draw Union troops from Richmond, and release Confederate prisoners held at Point Lookout. The next day, Johnson sent Maj. Harry Gilmor's regiment to raid the Baltimore area. Union Gen. Lew Wallace delayed Early at the Battle of Monocacy on July 9. Federal reinforcements soon strengthened the capital's defenses. Early attacked there near Fort Stevens on July 11-12 and then withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley with the Federals in pursuit. He stopped them at Cold Springs on July 17-18. Despite failing to take Washington or free prisoners, Early succeeded in diverting Federal resources.
The Confederate States of America, forced as Southern states seceded from the Union in 1860-1861, was located across the Potomac River during the Civil war. The river was, to Confederates, the boundary between two warring nations. You are standing in the United States Here in Maryland.
On July 5, 1864, a column under Gen. Jubal A. Early crossed Blackford's Ford (named after a Maryland estate owner) here in the third and final Confederate invasion of Maryland and the
On two other occasions, Confederate armies invaded the North using this ford. After the bridges upstream from Washington were destroyed, natural fords replaced them as strategic crossing points. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's men splashed across here during the Antietam Campaign in September 1862. Gen. Robert E. Lee's entire army retreated past here after the Battle of Antietam. During the 1863 Gettysburg Campaign, Lee's second invasion of the North began here. Like the other two invasions, Early's 1864 campaign was unsuccessful. His threat to Washington, 78 miles downstream from here, did draw Federal reinforcements from Richmond and Petersburg, but his attack had little effect on the Union campaign against the Confederate capital.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Location. 39° 26.183′ N, 77° 48′ W. Marker is in Sharpsburg, Maryland Click for map. Marker is located near the parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Sharpsburg MD 21782, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Shepherdstown (a few steps from this marker); A View into the Past (within shouting distance of this marker); Ferry Hill (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ferry Hill Place (approx. 0.2 miles away); River Crossing (approx. 0.2 miles away in West Virginia); The James Rumsey Bridge (approx. 0.2 miles away in West Virginia); a different marker also named Shepherdstown (approx. 0.2 miles away in West Virginia); Swearingen’s Ferry and Pack Horse Ford (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Blackford’s Ford (approx. 0.2 miles away); The James Rumsey Bridge / The Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Sharpsburg.
Also see . . . Antietam, a Virtual Tour: Blackford's Ford, Boteler's Cement Mill and Shepherdstown. A day after the tactical draw at Antietam (September 17, 1862), Robert E. Lee began to pull his Army of Northern Virginia back across the Potomac at Shepherdstown. The Confederates spent all night wading the river, but by daybreak nearly the whole of the army was across. Two small (Submitted on October 27, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
Categories. • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 237 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.