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Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Monument to Mexican Independence

Monumento a la Independencia Mexicana

 

—Ángel de la Independencia —

 
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
1. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
Inscription.
Este monumento reguarda a manera de recinto funerario, los restos de doce héroes del movimiento insurgente iniciado en 1810. Estos son: Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, José María Morelos y Pavón, Ignacio María Allende, Juan Aldama, José Mariano Jiménez, Nicolás Bravo, Vicente Guerrero, Guadalupe Victoria, Mariano Matamoros, Leona Vicario y Andrés Quintana Roo; otros restos, sin identificar, se atribuyen a Francisco Javier Mina.
En el vestíbulo del mausoleo se encuentra la estatua de Guillén de Lampart, irlandés que en el siglo XVII planeó independizar a la Nueva España de la Metrópoli; esas intenciones fueron frustrados por el tribunal del Santo Oficio, que lo condenó a la hoguera por hereje, después de mantenerlo en prisión por 17 años.
En el primer nicho se resguardan dos libros: el presidencial y el de visitantes distinguidos; el primero es firmado por el Presidente de la República durante la celebración de las fiestas patrias.
Por muchos años, el recinto permaneció cerrado y su visita estaba reservada exclusivamente a personalidades distinguidas. Ahora el Gobierno de la Ciudad por medio de la Delegación Cuauhtémoc, abre este espacio al público para permitirle un mayor acercamiento a los símbolos de nuestra historia.
Con la apertura del mausoleo se pretende fortalecer nuestra identidad y ampliar el conocimiento del patrimonio
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
2. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
Marker is at the base of the monument.
histórico y cultural de la ciudad de México.
Gobierno del Distrito Federal
Delegación Cuauhtémoc
16 de septiembre de 1998

English translation:
This monument is a burial site, guarding the remains of twelve heroes of the Mexican revolutionary insurgency began in 1810. These are: Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Jose Maria Morelos y Pavón, Maria Ignacio Allende, Juan Aldama, José Mariano Jiménez, Nicolás Bravo, Vicente Guerrero, Guadalupe Victoria, Mariano Matamoros, Leona Vicario and Andrés Quintana Roo; other unidentified remains have been attributed to Francisco Javier Mina.
In the lobby of the mausoleum there is a statue of Lampart Guillen, an Irishman who, in the seventeenth century, planned to make New Spain (Mexico) independent from Spain. These intentions were thwarted by the tribunal of the Inquisition, who sentenced him to the stake for heresy, after keeping him in prison for 17 years.
In a sheltered niche are kept two books: the presidential book and one for distinguished visitors; The first is signed by the President during the celebration of national holidays.
For many years, the inside of the monument remained closed and visits were reserved exclusively for distinguished personalities. The City Government, through the Cuauhtemoc Delegation, opens this space to enable the public to be closer to the symbols of our history.
The opening
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
3. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
The marker is at the base of the monument. The marble plaque on the monument reads, "La Nación a los Héroes de la Independencia" (The Nation to the Heroes of Independence).
of the mausoleum is intended to strengthen our identity and expand knowledge of the historical and cultural heritage of the city of Mexico.
Federal District
Cuauhtemoc Delegation
September 16, 1998
 
Erected 1998 by Federal District of Mexico and Cuauhtémoc Delegation.
 
Location. 19° 25.622′ N, 99° 10.053′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal. Marker is on Paseo de la Reforma. Click for map.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Miguel Ramos Arizpe (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); Juan José de la Garza (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Francisco M. S. de Tagle (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Dr. Carlos Canseco González (approx. half a kilometer away); Ramón Carmona (approx. half a kilometer away); Hermenegildo Galeana (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); The Social Security Angel (approx. 0.8 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Ciudad de Mexico.
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesPatriots & PatriotismPoliticsWars, Non-US
 
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
4. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
Reverse of the monument.
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
5. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
"Paz" (Peace), one of four allegorical statues that surround the monument. Inscribed on the stonework at the base of the statue are the following names of other important leaders of Mexican Independence: Melchor de Talamantes, F[rancisco] Primo Verdad y Ramos, Marques de San Juan de Rayas, Pedro Ascencio, Jose Joaquin de Herrera and Miguel Barragán.
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
6. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
"Guerra" (War), one of four allegorical statues that surround the monument. Inscribed on the stonework at the base of the statue are the following names of other important leaders of Mexican Independence: Mariano Jiménez, Leonardo Bravo, Pedro Moreno, José Antonio Torres, Victor Rosales and Encarnación Ortiz.
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
7. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
"Justicia" (Justice), one of four allegorical statues that surround the monument. Inscribed on the stonework at the base of the statue are the following names of other important leaders of Mexican Independence: Servando Teresa de Mier, J. Fernandez de Lizardi, Carlos M. Bustamante, José María Cos, José María Liceaga and Andrés Quintana Roo.
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
8. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
"Ley" (Law), one of four allegorical statues that surround the monument. Inscribed on the stonework at the base of the statue are the following names of other important leaders of Mexican Independence: Josefa Ortiz, Leona Vicario, Mariana Rodríguez, J. M. de Michelena, Epigmenio González and Antonio Ferrer.
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
9. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
This additional marker on the reverse of the monument reads: "Monumento a la Independencia, Construido de 1908 a 1910, Inaugurado el 16 de Sept. de 1910, Restaurado en 1958 y 1986, Noviembre de 1986, Restaurado en Sept. de 2006" (Monument to Independence, Constructed from 1908 to 1910, Inaugurated Sept. 16, 1910, Restored in 1958 and 1986, November 1986, Restored in Sept. 2006).
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
10. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
This additional marker reads: Guillén de Lampart (1615-1659), Conocido en México como Guillén o Guillermo Lombardo de Guzmán, nació en Wexfor, Irlanda. Decía ser descendiente de nobles y llegó a sugerir que era hijo ilegítimo de Felipe III de España. Hombre culto, dominaba cuatro o cinco lenguas, entre ellos el griego y el latín. Estudió matemáticas, teología, retórica y filosofía, entre otras disciplinas. Llegó a México en 1640 con el virrey Diego López Pacheco. Marqués de Villena, como parte de su grupo de servicio. Con argumentos políticos y teológicos, fraguó un plan para independizar la Nueva España en el que se proponía como rey de América y emperador de los mexicanos. El plan fue denunciado ante el tribunal del Santo Oficio el 26 de octubre de 1642, por lo que estuvo en prisión durante 17 años. Tras un intento de fuga fue condenado por apóstata y sectario, y quemado vivo en la Alameda Central, frente al convento de San Diego (hoy Pinacoteca Virreinal). Durante su cautiverio escribió Regio Salterio con ceniza a manera de tinta y sobre sus sábanas como papel, donde plasmó sus ideas. Por todo ello, es considerado precursor del movimiento de nuestra independencia. (English translation: Lampart Guillen (1615-1659), known in Mexico as Guillen Lombardo or Guillermo Guzman, born in Wexfor, Ireland. He claimed to be a descendant of nobles and even suggested that he was an illegitimate son of Philip III of Spain. An educated man, he spoke four or five languages, including Greek and Latin. He studied mathematics, theology, rhetoric and philosophy, among other disciplines. He arrived in Mexico in 1640 with Viceroy Diego Lopez Pacheco, Marqués de Villena, as part of his service group. With political and theological arguments, he hatched a plan to make New Spain (Mexico) independent, in which he intended to be king of the Americas and emperor of Mexico. The plan was reported to the court of the Holy Office on October 26, 1642, and he was put in prison for 17 years. After an escape attempt, he was convicted as an apostate and heretic, and burned alive in the Alameda Central, opposite the convent of San Diego (now Pinacoteca Virreinal). During his captivity he wrote Regio Salterio with ash as ink and bedsheets as paper where he wrote out his ideas. Therefore, he is considered as the precursor of our independence movement.)
Monument to Mexican Independence Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 26, 2015
11. Monument to Mexican Independence Marker
The statue is of Liberty reaching out to place a laurel on the heads of the leaders of Mexican Independence. Like the Statue of Liberty in the United States, this is an iconic symbol of Mexico.
Inauguration of the Monument to Mexican Independence image. Click for full size.
September 16, 1910
12. Inauguration of the Monument to Mexican Independence
Courtesy of the Museo Nacional de las Intervenciones (National Museum of Interventions), Mexico City, Mexico.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 287 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   12. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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