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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Carlton in Orleans County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Cobblestone Wall Section

Cobblestone Construction Piece by Piece

 

—Architecture of the Coast —

 
Cobblestone Wall Section Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
1. Cobblestone Wall Section Marker
Inscription.
Cobblestones
Cobblestone construction was born in this area. The example here is a composite of several materials and styles that can be seen within a short distance of this park. The word 'cobblestone' comes from the English word 'cob', meaning a rounded lump, combined with the word 'stone'.
Back View
Rubble core. Field stone inner wall.
Mortar
Composed of lime, sand, and water, the mortar joints were tooled to overhang the course below like clapboards. V'd joints. Mortar tooled to a raised peak between stones. Random height pattern.
Quicklime
Limekilns were built into the side of a hill for ease of top loading. Lime, called quicklime after processing, was produced by heating limestone rock to 2000° in a hardwood-fired kiln. The limestone changes to a form that dissolves into a paste when water is added. It is cured for a time and mixed with sand to make the mortar for masonry construction.
Cobbles
Naturally rounded stones, smoothed by tumbling in shoreline glacial deposits, that can be held in one hand. Rounded, glacier-smoothed stone. Flat, lake-washed stone. Herringbone pattern.
Quoins
Hand-shaped Medina Sandstone used at corners, where pieces were sized to equal four courses of cobbles. Sandstone was also used for sills, and lintels, the pieces
Left - Timeline image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
2. Left - Timeline
which span openings in the wall and carry the courses above.

★ Cobblestone Church Museum and Gift Shop. Approximate location of a cobblestone structure. Many of these structures are private. Please respect property rights. For more information on cobblestones, visit the Cobblestone Museum and Gift Shop near the intersection of Route 104 and 98 in Childs.

Cobblestone Era
1860 Cobblestone construction replaced by modern methods.
1855 Era at its peak with fancy patterns and styles. These structures were often post and beam framework, finished with a cobblestone veneer.
Mid-1830s Solid masonry gives way to firred walls to create a ventilating airspace.
1834 Cobblestone church, site of the Cobblestone Museum, built.
1825-1831 Earliest known cluster of cobblestone buildings. These buildings featured simple designs and solid masonry walls.
1825 Steward Canfield house built, possibly the earliest major cobblestone house. Erie Canal opened.

Rare matrials found along the Seaway Trail were combined to create structures of utility and beauty.
 
Erected by Seaway Trail, Inc.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Great Lakes Seaway Trail National Scenic Byway marker series.
 
Location. 43° 21.728′ 
Center image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
3. Center
N, 78° 11.455′ W. Marker is in Carlton, New York, in Orleans County. Marker is at the intersection of Point Breeze Road (New York State Route 98) and Lake Ontario Parkway, on the left when traveling north on Point Breeze Road. Click for map. Marker is adjacent to a shelter in Orleans County Marine Park, just south of the Lake Ontario Parkway overpasses. The park is along the east side of Oak Orchard Creek. The marker faces away from the road. Marker is in this post office area: Kent NY 14477, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fishing Camp (approx. 0.7 miles away); July 1813 (approx. 0.7 miles away); Sir William Johnson (approx. 2.7 miles away); Fording Place (approx. 3 miles away); Pioneer Settler (approx. 5.1 miles away); Home of Katherine Belle Rowley (approx. 5.2 miles away); Gaines District No.5 1849 School House (approx. 5.2 miles away); At Left: Cobblestone House / At Right: Cobblestone House (approx. 5.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Carlton.
 
Also see . . .  Cobblestone Society Museum. (Submitted on November 2, 2015, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
 
Categories. Architecture
 
Right image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
4. Right
Southward image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
5. Southward
From the parking area and under the Lake Ontario Parkway towards the marker by the shelter. Route 98 is to the left behind the chain link fence.
Cobblestone Wall Section image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
6. Cobblestone Wall Section
Cobblestone Wall Section & Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
7. Cobblestone Wall Section & Marker
Backsides of Wall Section & Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
8. Backsides of Wall Section & Marker
Park Entrance Sign image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, October 31, 2015
9. Park Entrance Sign
NY 98 at left and one way sign for Lake Ontario Parkway ramp.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 179 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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