Near Evanston in Uinta County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
Hilliard City and Piedmont
Flumes, Kilns, Logging Industry
—Side Adventures —
Early settlers began to arrive on "Hilliard Flats" in 1860 to ranch and grow crops. Long, cold winters and short growing seasons made it difficult to survive, but soon there were homes, a hotel, cafe, store and other commercial buildings. It was the center for the logging industry. Many charcoal kilns were located here.
After trains switched from coal to steam and charcoal was no longer needed, Hilliard Station was closed in 1900. The town lost its population, and the area is now used to raise sheep and cattle, with historic working ranches still dotting the landscape.
Two or three years prior to the coming of the railroad, logging operations had been established in Piedmont of furnish ties for the roadbed. In 1868, track crews began laying the tracks, and test wells for water were dug. Pure, deep-flowing water was found in Piedmont, and the town quickly became populated and was designated as a water and wood refueling station. Settlers built a store, hotel, saloons, school, church and permanent homes. After the Aspen Tunnel bypassed Piedmont, the population dropped to only 35, and the Guild Store and post office were closed in 1940. The buildings were hauled away, but foundations, charcoal kilns and
Early day timber cutting in the headwater drainages of the Bear River occurred between 1870 and 1900. Cut and burned-over areas indicate that a large amount of timber was removed during this time frame. A large sawmill, established by Jesse Atkinson, used the logs for lumber. The saw logs that supplied the mill were floated from the forest down the Bear River during early spring runoff. Thirty-two charcoal kilns were constructed in the Hilliard and Piedmont areas. The charcoal manufactured from the kilns was shipped to smelters in Utah and Colorado for use by the railroad.
Railroad ties were early product of timber cutting and flumes. The decline of the charcoal industry began with the use of coke in smelter and a fall in prices. Native lumber was replaced by higher quality lumber from the Northwest. The flumes were dismantled for scrap lumber, and the former tie hack camps became historic symbols. A replica of a tie hack cabin is located at Bear River Ranger Station along the Mirror Lake Scenic Byway.
Many exciting and fun side adventures may be taken from the Mirror Lake Scenic Byway. By turning at County Road 173, you will enjoy driving past Sulphur Creek Reservoir and onto
Just past Myers Crossing, County Road 157, which is an improvement dirt road, circles through the area adjacent to the Bear River and connects with the byway near milepost 18. Other county roads meander through the Hilliard area and past may pioneer homesteads, as well as climbing hills to Altamont and Aspen Tunnels. Be an adventurer! Explore all the Mirror Lake Scenic Byway offers.
Erected by Timeless Tracks, Incorporated; City of Evanston, Wyoming; United States Forest Service; United States Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, National Scenic Byways Program; State of Wyoming, Department of Transportation; Interpretive Graphics; At Home Services.
Location. 41° 8.372′ N, 110° 50.554′ W. Marker is near Evanston, Wyoming, in Uinta County. Marker is on State Highway 150 near County Route 173, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 12210 Wyoming Highway 150, Evanston WY 82930, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 Hilliard, Wyoming (a few steps from this marker); Bear River City (approx. 1.3 miles away); Aspen Tunnel (approx. 1.3 miles away); Transcontinental Railroad (approx. 1.3 miles away); Native Americans (approx. 1.3 miles away); Meyers Crossing (approx. 1.3 miles away); Historic Trails (approx. 1.3 miles away); Mormon Trail (approx. 2.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Evanston.
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 125 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.