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Near Manassas in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Artillery Duel

First Battle of Manassas

 

—July 21, 1861 2 p.m. —

 
Artillery Duel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, September 26, 2015
1. Artillery Duel Marker
Inscription. General Irvin McDowell felt confident that victory was at hand. The Federal flanking column had marched around and behind the Confederate defenses along Bull Run. Nearly 18,000 troops were at, or en route, to the front. Confederate resistance on Matthews hill had collapsed. After a two-hour delay to reorganize his available men, the Union commander turned his attention to pressing the retreating foe and occupying Henry Hill.

McDowell directed two artillery batteries, eleven guns total, to occupy this high ground. The battery commanders protested the lack of infantry support would make their cannon vulnerable to capture. The order stood. No sooner had the Federal artillery unlimbered when Confederate batteries opened fire from only 300 yards away. Over the next hour, the opposing batteries dueled across the field. Suddenly from the far woods came a blood-chilling cry—the rebel yell. Through the dense smoke, Confederate infantry swarmed across the field.

(captions)
Captain James B. Ricketts, Company I, 1st U.S. Artillery. Ricketts fell wounded in the thigh while commanding his battery. Captured by the Confederates, Ricketts recuperated at the nearby Portici plantation before being imprisoned in Richmond.

Painting by Sidney King
 
Erected by Manassas
Artillery Duel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, September 26, 2015
2. Artillery Duel Marker
The monument to General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson can be seen in the background, behind the marker.
National Battlefield Park, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 38° 48.827′ N, 77° 31.329′ W. Marker is near Manassas, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker can be reached from Sudley Road (Virginia Route 234) half a mile south of Lee Highway (U.S. 29), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is located behind the Visitor Center, along the 1-mile Henry Hill Trail. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6511 Sudley Road, Manassas VA 20109, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 7th Georgia Markers (within shouting distance of this marker); Henry Hill (within shouting distance of this marker); Lieutenant Ramsey (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Honoring the Dead (about 400 feet away but has been reported missing); a different marker also named Honoring the Dead (about 400 feet away); Wade Hampton (about 400 feet away); Invaded Farmland (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Invaded Farmland (about 400 feet away but has been reported missing). Click for a list of all markers in Manassas.
 
Also see . . .
1. Manassas National Battlefield Park. National Park Service (Submitted on November 23, 2015.) 

2. Old Marker at this Location.
Artillery piece near the "Artillery Duel" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, September 26, 2015
3. Artillery piece near the "Artillery Duel" Marker
This marker replaced an older one at this location titled “The Fight for Rickett’s Guns” (Submitted on November 23, 2015.) 
 
Categories. MilitaryWar, US Civil
 
Artillery limber near the "Artillery Duel" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, September 26, 2015
4. Artillery limber near the "Artillery Duel" Marker
The Henry Hill Visitor Center can be seen in the background.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 150 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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