Wise in Wise County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Gladeville in the Civil War
“The Burnt City”
On July 7, 1863, fighting erupted in the streets of the town as Union Gen. Julius White’s force attacked, “completely surprising and capturing the place by storm.” Among the prisoners were 18 officers, including Col. Benjamin E. Caudill, and 99 men of the Tenth Kentucky Mounted Rifles (CSA).
In October 1864, Union Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge's forces swept through Grundy and Crab Orchard en route to Saltville. Burbridge failed to capture and destroy the salt works, but “a detachment sent to Pound Gap forced its way through and drove [Confederate Lt. Col. Clarence J.] Prentice, with a superior force, from his works at Gladeville,
“This city ... has 9 resident families.— One blacksmith & one saddle shop— & one store house, large church-like looking court house but no Church nor jail. Its population is about 1000 minus 965.” — Confederate Capt. Edward 0. Guerrant, February 14, 1862
“[We arrived at Gladesville—the ‘burnt city.’ The country & town especially are much changed in appearance. Few houses ever stood in Gladesville—now much fewer are left, save in their smoldering ruins & charred & blackened skeletons.” — Confederate Capt. Edward 0. Guerrant, September 7, 1862
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Location. 36° 58.627′ N, 82° 34.753′ W. Marker is in Wise, Virginia, in Wise County. Marker is on East Main Street (County Route 640) east of Spring Avenue, on the right. Click for map. It is at the courthouse. Marker is in this post office area: Wise VA 24293, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wise (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Wise (approx. half a mile away); Napoleon Hill (approx. 0.8 miles away); The University of Virginia’s College at Wise (approx. 1.2 miles away); Norton / Coeburn (approx. 3.1 miles away); Armed Forces Memorial (approx. 4.1 miles away); Coeburn (approx. 6.5 miles away); Benge’s Gap (approx. 6.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Wise.
More about this marker. Four portraits illustrate this marker: General Humphrey Marshall, Morgan Lipps, General Julius White, and General Stephen G. Burbridge.
Also see . . . The Civil War in Wise County. “When the Courthouse was fired some of the citizens gathered about and ventured to save most of the records. John Gilliam, a local soldier of the Union Army, was instrumental in helping to save the records. This was done because he owned property near Gladeville and knew his records were there. The only record book lost was Will Book No. 1.” (Submitted on November 22, 2015.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 144 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.