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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Mary Aggie And The Benefit Of Clergy

 
 
Mary Aggie And The Benefit Of Clergy Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 25, 2015
1. Mary Aggie And The Benefit Of Clergy Marker
Inscription. Mary Aggie, an enslaved woman, was convicted of theft in York County in 1730. Lt. Gov. William Gooch, impressed with Mary’s profession of faith when she sued previously for her freedom, supported her 1730 claim for “benefit of clergy,” which then allowed only white men to escape the harshest penalties for most first offenses by reading a passage from the Bible. Gooch’s support resulted in Aggie's pardon on the condition that she be sold out of Virginia. In 1732, the General Assembly extended a modified form of benefit of clergy to all races and women. Aggie probably never knew her plea's significant legal effect. Virginia abolished the benefit by 1848.
 
Erected 2011 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number NP 13.)
 
Location. 37° 13.417′ N, 76° 30.85′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker is at the intersection of Goosley Road (Virginia Route 238) and Historical Tour Road, on the right when traveling east on Goosley Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Yorktown (here, next to this marker); Outer Works (about 400 feet away, measured
Mary Aggie And The Benefit Of Clergy Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 25, 2015
2. Mary Aggie And The Benefit Of Clergy Marker
in a direct line); The “NECK” (approx. 0.3 miles away); Grand French Battery (approx. 0.4 miles away); Shiloh Baptist Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named The Grand French Battery (approx. 0.4 miles away); First Allied Siege Line (approx. 0.4 miles away); Yorktown National Cemetery (approx. half a mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Yorktown.
 
Categories. African AmericansColonial Era
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 131 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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