“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)


Where 100,000 Fell

Fredericksburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 6, 2008
1. Fredericksburg Marker
Inscription. Because of the immense amount of fighting that occurred here, the Fredericksburg area has been called the vortex of the Civil War. Four major battles - Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House - resulting in approximately 100,000 casualties, took place within twenty miles of the town. The Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park administers these battlefields and three related sites: Chatham, Salem Church and the Stonewall Jackson Shrine.

A 100-mile trail following the movements of the Union and Confederate armies from Wilderness to Petersburg begins at Germanna Ford, 20 miles west of Fredericksburg on State Route 3. Interpreted Civil War sites in Stafford County include Aquia Landing and Potomac Creek Bridge. For more information about these sites, inquire at the Fredericksburg City Visitor Center or at the Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center on Lafayette Boulevard.

Fredericksburg Battlefield (Dec. 11-13, 1862): Brave but fruitless Union assaults against a formidable Confederate defense resulted in Robert E. Lee's most decisive victory.

Chancellorsville Battlefield (April 27-May 6, 1863): Lee wins the greatest victory of his career but loses Stonewall Jackson, who is mortally wounded in the fighting.

Wilderness Battlefield (May 5-6,
Map of the Surrounding Area image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 6, 2008
2. Map of the Surrounding Area
1864): The first head-to-head confrontation between Grant and Lee.

Spotsylvania Battlefield (May 8-21, 1864): Approximately 30,000 men are casualties in two weeks of desperate fighting, climaxing in the struggle for the "Bloody Angle."

Chatham: This 18th-century plantation house overlooking the Rappahannock River became a headquarters and hospital for the Union army in two major campaigns.

Salem Church: This house of worship, whose name means "peace," became the center of fighting in the 1863 Chancellorsville Campaign.

Stonewall Jackson Shrine: In this small building, Gen. Stonewall Jackson died on May 10, 1863, eight days after he was wounded at Chancellorsville.

Aquia Landing: The river landing was the site of an early military action and later became a major supply base for Union armies fighting near Fredericksburg.

Potomac Creek Bridge: Union engineers constructed a 400-foot railroad bridge across this gorge in nine days using what Lincoln facetiously termed "beanpoles and cornstalks."

Fredericksburg City Dock: Union troops fought their way across the Rappahannock River on Dec. 11, 1862, and constructed a pontoon bridge at the site.

Germanna Ford: Union cavalry splashed across the Rapidan on May 4 in the opening move of the 1864 Overland Campaign.

Fredericksburg Markers Next to the Visitor Center image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
3. Fredericksburg Markers Next to the Visitor Center
: Union and Confederate cavalry vied for control of this important intersection on May 7, 1864.

Goshen Church: Union troops overcame Confederate resistance on May 8, 1864, and pushed on toward Spotsylvania Court House.

Spotsylvania Court House: Many of this town's antebellum buildings still survive despite fierce fighting nearby.

Massaponax Church: Timothy O'Sullivan photographed Gens. U.S. Grant and George Meade here on May 21, 1864, as the Union army began its march toward the North Anna River.

Guinea Station Road: Many fine antebellum homes still grace this road, which was used by Stonewall Jackson's ambulance in 1863 and by Union forces in 1864.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 18.055′ N, 77° 27.484′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Caroline Street (State Highway 1) and Charlotte Street, on the left when traveling north on Caroline Street. Click for map. Located in the parking lot of the of the Fredericksburg Visitor Center. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Fredericksburg (here, next to this marker); Odd Fellows Lodge (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Shiloh Baptist Church (Old Site) (about 500 feet away); African Baptist Church of Fredericksburg (about 500 feet away); Fredericksburg United Methodist Church (about 500 feet away); Shiloh Baptist Church (New Site) (about 500 feet away); A Vibrant, But Segregated Community (about 500 feet away); Mt. Zion Baptist Church (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Fredericksburg.
More about this marker. In the center of the marker is a map detailing the Civil War sites mentioned on the marker.
Also see . . .  Central Virginia Civil War Sites. From Civil War Traveler. (Submitted on July 12, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,587 times since then and 144 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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