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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cumberland Valley Township in Bedford County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Camp Mason & Dixon

 
 
Camp Mason & Dixon Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, November 10, 2015
1. Camp Mason & Dixon Marker
Inscription. From June 27-July 8, 1861 a newly formed brigade of 1,500 Union troops under Chas. J. Biddle consisting of the 5th and 13th (Bucktail Regiment) PA Reserves, and 1st PA Res. Artillery, encamped here while enroute to relieve Col. Lew Wallace’s 11th Indiana Regiment at Camp McGinnis in Federal occupied Cumberland, MD, a key Union Army railroad hub. Swampy ground, poor provisions and rampant illness resulting in two deaths, earned the site the appellation “Camp Misery and Despair”

The Reserves left Camp Curtin in Harrisburg June 22, moved by rail to Huntingdon and Hopewell, marched 23 miles by way of Blood Run (Everett), and bivouacked at Camp McCall near Bedford Springs. Proceeding through Centerville they arrived here, near the state line June 27 and was ordered to halt. Nearly two weeks passed at Camp Mason & Dixon before Federal consent was given to proceed into MD.

Tents were struck July 8, and Biddle’s troops occupied Wallace’s former post July 9. Bucktail scouting parties received the brigades “baptism of fire” July 14 while engaging the enemy at New Creek, VA. The brigade took positions in the Piedmont, Romney, and New Creek areas where several skirmishes ensued from July 15-27, when in pursuance of orders, they returned to Harrisburg.
 
Erected 2014 by Cumberland

Camp Mason & Dixon Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, November 10, 2015
2. Camp Mason & Dixon Marker
Valley Twp. Historical Society.
 
Location. 39° 43.816′ N, 78° 42.743′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Valley Township, Pennsylvania, in Bedford County. Marker is on Bedford Valley Road (US 220). Click for map. The marker is near the Mason and Dixon Line separating Pennsylvania and Maryland. Marker is in this post office area: Bedford PA 15522, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Pennsylvania (approx. 0.3 miles away); Washington’s Road (approx. 0.7 miles away in Maryland); Evart's Homesite (approx. 2.9 miles away in Maryland); American Indian Rockshelter Trail (approx. 3.4 miles away in Maryland); The Naming of the Lake (approx. 3.4 miles away in Maryland); Life in Pleasant Valley (approx. 3.9 miles away in Maryland); Folck's Mill (approx. 4 miles away in Maryland); a different marker also named Folck's Mill (approx. 4.1 miles away in Maryland).
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 164 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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