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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Ceremonial Shrine of Ehécatl

Adoratorio del Dios Ehécatl

 
 
Ceremonial Shrine of Ehécatl Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, November 1, 2015
1. Ceremonial Shrine of Ehécatl Marker
The marker has probably been in place since the subway construction around 1967 and is unfortunately damaged, although readable.
Inscription. Durante la construcción de la estación Zócalo de la línea 2, en el año de 1967, se encontraron vestigios de la antigua civilización Mexica. Los estudios indican que en este lugar, cercano al Templo Mayor, se encontraba un importante conjunto arquitectónico de carácter ceremonial, el cual data del año 1400 d.C., pocos años después de la fundación de la gran Tenochtitlan.
El Adoratorio formado por varias estructuras superpuestas, la más antigua de forma rectangular, dedicada a Tláloc, Dios de la lluvia y la última, de forma circular, Ehécatl, dios del viento.
El Adoratorio se encontraba al centro de un patio hundido, con orientación Este-Oeste, similar a la Gran Templo Mayor. Esta orientación esta relacionada con la salida y ocaso del sol, astro venerado de gran importancia en la cosmo-visión Mexica.
En el Adoratorio y en su escalinata se encontraron diversas ofrendas, entre las que destacan la escultura de la monita danzante, una caja de piedra llamada Tepetlacalli, pintada de azul en su exterior.
Monita danzante

Material: Piedra
Dimensiones: 30 X 37 X33 cm
Temporalidad: ca. 1500 d.C.
Cultura: Mexica
Fue descubierta fragmentada intencionalmente en las escalinatas que lleva a la parte superior del Templo de Ehécatl. Esta escultura recrea una monita embarazada, quien lleva una máscara bucal, elemento característico
Ceremonial Shrine of Ehécatl Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, November 1, 2015
2. Ceremonial Shrine of Ehécatl Marker
The shrine can be seen behind the marker in an open air area of the metro stop.
de este Dios. Su posición, recrea una suerte del “movimiento Aliento Vivificador”, remolinos de viento para atraer la lluvia que regara los campos.

Tepetlacalli
Material: Piedra, Andesita
Dimensiones: 39 X 36 X 49 cm
Temporalidad: ca. 1500 d.C.
Cultura: Mexica
Los Tepetlacalli, eran cajas para guardar los instrumentos ceremoniales utilizados en la incineración de príncipes muertos, para contener sus cenizas o bien para guardar sus instrumentos de autosacrificio. La encontrada en estos vestigios fue pintada de color azul lo que la asocia al Dios Tláloc.

English translation:
During the construction of the Metro line number 2 from the Zócalo in 1967, the remains of the ancient Mexica civilization were found. Studies indicate that here, close to the Templo Mayor, was a major architectural ceremonial complex, which dates back to 1400 AD, a few years after the founding of Tenochtitlan.
The Adoratorio (ceremonial structure) consists of several superimposed structures, with the oldest rectangular structures dedicated to Tláloc, the god of rain, and the latter, circular structures dedicated to Ehécatl, god of wind.
The Adoratorio was at the center of a sunken patio, facing east-west, similar to the Great Templo Mayor. This orientation is related to sunrise and sunset, due to the sun’s great importance in the Mexica view of the
The Dancing Monkey image. Click for full size.
By Jorge Pérez de Lara
3. The Dancing Monkey
Museo Nacional de Antropología, Ciudad de México. Photo © Jorge Pérez de Lara.
universe.
On the shrine and its stairway various offerings were found, among which were a sculpture of a dancing monkey and a stone box called Tepetlacalli, painted blue on the outside.

The Dancing Monkey
Material: Stone
Dimensions: 30 X 37 X33 cm
Era: ca. 1500 A.D.
Culture: Mexica
This sculpture was intentionally broken at some time in the past and was discovered on the steps leading to the top of the Temple of Ehécatl. This sculpture recreates a pregnant monkey wearing a mouth mask, a characteristic element of this god Ehécatl. Her position recreates a pose called the "Life-giving breath movement", which was a portion of a dance to bring the rain that was so important for the watering of fields.

Tepetlacalli
Material: Stone, Andesit
Dimensions: 39 X 36 X 49 cm
Era: ca. 1500 A.D.
Culture: Mexica
Tepetlacalli were boxes for storing the ceremonial instruments used in the incineration of dead princes and also to contain their ashes or to save their instruments related to self-sacrifice. The remains of this box were painted blue, a color associated with the god Tláloc.
 
Location. 19° 25.512′ N, 99° 7.963′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal. Click for map. The marker is inside the Pino Suárez Metro stop at the corners of Calles José María Izazaga and San Antonio Abad.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Café del Cazador (approx. 0.9 kilometers away); Death of Benito Juárez (approx. 0.9 kilometers away); The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico (approx. one kilometer away); The First Printing Press in the Americas (approx. one kilometer away); Manuel Nicolás Carpancho (approx. one kilometer away); Monument to Enrico Martínez (approx. one kilometer away); Dr. Antonio Marquez G. (approx. one kilometer away); Last Residence of Moctezuma (approx. one kilometer away). Click for a list of all markers in Ciudad de Mexico.
 
Categories. AnthropologyMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 211 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page was last revised on October 14, 2016.
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