Tyler in Smith County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Smith County as a 19th Century Legal Center
In 1850, after the State Legislature decided the Supreme Court should meet not only in Austin but throughout the state, Tyler was made one of the court's three seats. The Supreme Court began meeting here the following year. In 1851 Tyler was also made a U. S. District Court seat. It has served as such since that time, interrupted only by the Civil War when Confederate District Court was held here.
Because the Supreme Court was overworked hearing both civil and criminal appeals, the new Texas Constitution of 1876 established the Court of Criminal Appeals to relieve the Supreme Court of its criminal jurisdiction. Rotating at the same time and to the same places as the Supreme Court, the Court of Criminal Appeals met in Tyler from its inception. Years later, state laws were passed that moved the Supreme Court and the Court of Criminal Appeals permanently to Austin. The courts continued to operate in Tyler until 1891 and 1908, respectively.
Erected 1992 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 7757.)
Location. Click for map. Marker is mounted at the front entrance of the Smith County Courthouse. Marker is at or near this postal address: 100 N Broadway Ave, Tyler TX 75702, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Smith County C.S.A. / Tyler-Smith County C.S.A. Men and Units (within shouting distance of this marker); Yarbrough Building (within shouting distance of this marker); The First County Agricultural Extension Agent (within shouting distance of this marker); City of Tyler (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Henry Miller Morgan (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Henry Miller Morgan (about 400 feet away); Tyler Commercial College (about 600 feet away); 1881 Smith County Jail (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Tyler.
Categories. • Government •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Randal B. Gilbert of Tyler, Texas. This page has been viewed 126 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Randal B. Gilbert of Tyler, Texas. 3, 4. submitted on , by Randal B. Gilbert of Tyler, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on July 19, 2016.