“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Buffalo in Johnson County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)

TA Ranch

TA Ranch Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 16, 2015
1. TA Ranch Marker
Inscription. Wyoming in the 1880s was an open range controlled by cattle kings. Blaming rustlers for cattle losses was popular among powerful stockgrowers. Although rustling was a problem, there was also concern about the influx of small operators who used government land grants which threatened the open range. Stock detectives were hired to protect large herds and to intimidate would-be ranchers. Small ranchers were labeled rustlers and cowboys suspected of rustling were blackballed and not allowed to work for the big outfits. In 1886-87 a devastating drought followed by the worst winter on record exposed poor management practices and caused financial collapse for many large operations.
In a final act of desperation, some radical members of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association planned an invasion of Johnson County for April of 1892 using hired gunmen. However the well laid plans were not successful. Following a day long shoot-out at the KC Ranch during which Nick Ray and Nate Champion were killed, the invaders headed for Buffalo. After being warned about the armed resistance in town, the self-proclaimed regulators holed up here, at the TA Ranch, then owned by sympathizer Dr. William Harris. Surrounded and besieged by a civilian posse for three days, the invaders surrendered to federal troops from nearby Ft. McKinney on April 13. They were
TA Ranch Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 16, 2015
2. TA Ranch Marker
eventually released, and all charges against them dismissed. This, the major confrontation of the invasion, marked the end of the open range cattle era.
The TA ranch is private property please do not enter without permission.
Erected by Wyoming State Parks & Cultural Resources.
Location. 44° 9.312′ N, 106° 42.084′ W. Marker is near Buffalo, Wyoming, in Johnson County. Marker is at the intersection of Old Highway 87 (Wyoming Route 196 at milepost 287) and T A Ranch Road, on the right when traveling north on Old Highway 87. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 28599 Old Highway 87, Buffalo WY 82834, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Tisdale Divide (approx. 5.7 miles away); The Legend of Crazy Woman (approx. 10.1 miles away); Conflict at the Crossing (approx. 10.1 miles away); Bozeman's Trail: (approx. 10.1 miles away); Lieut. N.P. Daniels, U.S.A. (approx. 10.1 miles away); Veteran's Home of Wyoming War Memorials (approx. 12.4 miles away); Fort McKinney (approx. 12.9 miles away); Living on the Edge (approx. 13.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Buffalo.
Also see . . .  TA Ranch Historic District - Wikipedia.
The barn where some of the Invaders holed up. image. Click for full size.
3. The barn where some of the Invaders holed up.
...the mercenary company was resented by the smaller landowners prevalent in northern Wyoming and were confronted by a large group of local settlers and cowboys. The gunmen (frequently referred to as "invaders") retreated to the TA Ranch, which they proceeded to fortify. Soon, about fifty invaders were surrounded by almost four hundred locals. The invaders were rescued by U.S. Cavalry from Fort McKinney on the third day of the siege. (Submitted on December 14, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
Additional keywords. Johnson County War
Categories. Notable Events
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 123 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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