Amarillo in Potter County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
In territory ranged by Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, and Kiowa Indians, and since 1600 familiar to Spanish military parties and French traders. On established routes of the Great Spanish Road from Santa Fe to San Antonio (1786) and the Fort Smith-Santa Fe Trail of 1840 which was followed in 1849 by California gold seekers. Although still uninhabited, the county was created in 1876 by Texas Legislature.
The years 1874-78 saw Indians expelled and buffalo replaced by longhorns. In 1877 the famous LX Ranch was established, with headquarters 20 miles north of this site. The Frying Pan, first large ranch fenced with barbed wire, in 1881 built its headquarters 16 miles to the west. Railroad construction across the Texas Panhandle made local government desirable. 38 LX and 15 Frying Pan cowboys were the electors who voted on Aug. 30, 1887, to organize Potter County.
This county was discovery site (1918) of the vast Panhandle-Hugoton Gas Field. It is noted as location of Alibates National Monument (established 1965), an aboriginal flint quarry, with ruins of prehistoric Indian villages inhabited as early as 10,000 B.C.
Erected 1970 by State Historical Survey Committee
Location. 35° 12.475′ N, 101° 50.109′ W. Marker is in Amarillo, Texas, in Potter County. Marker can be reached from South Taylor Street south of SW 5th Avenue. Click for map. Marker is on the courthouse grounds. Marker is at or near this postal address: 501 South Taylor Street, Amarillo TX 79101, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Potter County Courthouse (here, next to this marker); Potter County Library (within shouting distance of this marker); Fisk Medical Arts & Professional Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); Rick Husband (approx. 0.2 miles away); Henry B. Sanborn (approx. ¼ mile away); American Mammoths (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Amarillo Story (approx. 0.3 miles away); Santa Fe Building (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Amarillo.
Categories. • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 133 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.