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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Buffalo in Johnson County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
 

Homesteading and the Jenkins Family

 
 
Homesteading and the Jenkins Family Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 16, 2015
1. Homesteading and the Jenkins Family Marker
Captions: (above the timeline, left to right) John R. Smith, Sylvia as a young woman, M.D. as a young man, Sylvia and M.D., The Original Homestead, Oil Well, Winter in Story; (below the timeline) Fort McKinney Post Hospital, Main Street Buffalo, The "Invaders," M.D. in 1913, Forest, Polly and Louise, Sylvia with Louise, Polly and Forrest, Moving the cabin to the Museum.
Inscription. This marker is in the form of a timeline. The left to right timeline is presented here from top to bottom. Jenkins Family History is in italics text. Homesteading History is in normal text. History Milestones are in bold text.

1862: First Homestead Act (160 acres)
1865: The Civil War ends
1877: Desert Land Act (640 acres)
1878: John R. Smith, first homestead in Johnson County -- Ft. McKinney established and the town of Buffalo is started
1881: Johnson County organized
1884: City of Buffalo organized
1890: Wyoming Statehood
1891-1892: Johnson County Cattle War
1893: M.D. Jenkins and Sylvia Allen born in Illinois
1898-1899: Spanish-American War
1904: Dry Land Farming introduced to Wyoming
1909: Homestead Act changes (increased acreage and less proving time)
1912: M.D. and Sylvia engaged
1913: M.D. travels west moving cattle
1914: M.D. and Sylvia moved to Johnson County
1915: M.D. and Sylvia filed homestead on Dry Creek. Forrest born in Buffalo. M.D., Sylvia and Forrest live in a dugout
1916: M.D. completes the cabin

1918-1919 (sic): World War I
1920: Jenkins' receive Homestead Patent (title) -- Louise born in the cabin
1921: Pauline Kathryn (Polly) born in the
Homesteading and the Jenkins Family Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 16, 2015
2. Homesteading and the Jenkins Family Marker
cabin
1925: M.D. and Sylvia sold the homestead, moved to the Salt Creek Oilfields

1934: General homesteading stopped
Circa 1935: Cabin moved to nearby ranch for use as a granary
1941-1945: World War II
1982: Polly (Jenkins) Oltion purchased and moved the cabin to Story
2005: Polly and her family donated the cabin to the Museum
2006: Cabin moved to the Museum
2007: Cabin opened

 
Erected 2007 by Jim Gatchell Memorial Museum.
 
Location. 44° 20.879′ N, 106° 41.983′ W. Marker is in Buffalo, Wyoming, in Johnson County. Marker is on Fort Street (U.S. 16) near Adams Avenue, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 100 Fort Street, Buffalo WY 82834, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Nate Champion's Diary (a few steps from this marker); Nate Champion's Last Run (a few steps from this marker); Johnson County War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Johnson County Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Powder River Country (within shouting distance of this marker); Occidental Hotel (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Living on the Edge (approx. 0.2 miles away); Big Horn Mountains (approx. 0.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Buffalo.
 
More about this marker. The Jenkins cabin is located at the Jim Gatchell Memorial Museum. The M is M.D. Jenkins is for Marshall.
 
Also see . . .  The Jenkins Family Homestead - Jim Gatchell Memorial Museum. Homesteading in Wyoming meant facing the challenges of heat, drought, hail, lightning, blizzards, isolation, lawlessness, and backbreaking labor. In 1925 Jenkins sold his homestead patents, including the cabin, and moved his family to Midwest, Wyoming. (Submitted on January 15, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Additional keywords. Homesteading
 
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 290 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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