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San José, Costa Rica
 

The National Monument of Costa Rica

Monumento Nacional de Costa Rica

 
 
National Monument of Costa Rica Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 11, 2015
1. National Monument of Costa Rica Marker
Los Jefes de la Campaña Nacional. The different Central American leaders are shown around Costa Rican President Juan Rafael Mora Porras.
Inscription.
Los Jefes
de la Campaña Nacional
Centro∙americana
1856∙1857

Batalla de Santa-Rosa
20 marzo 1856.

Batalla de Rivas
11 abril 1856.

Toma de los vapores
en San Juan del Norte
25 diciembre 1856

English translation:
The Leaders of the Central American National Campaign
1856∙1857

Battle of Santa Rosa
March 20, 1856.

Battle of Rivas
April 11, 1856.

Seizing of the Filibusters' Steamships
in San Juan del Norte
December 25, 1856

 
Erected 1895.
 
Location. 9° 56.082′ N, 84° 4.244′ W. Marker is in San José, San José. Marker can be reached from Avenida 3, Paseo de la Damas just from Calle 15. Click for map. The monument is located in the National Park (Parque Nacional).
 
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Andrés Bello (within shouting distance of this marker); Miguel Hidalgo (within shouting distance of this marker); Christopher Columbus in Costa Rica (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Juan Vazquez de Coronado (approx. 0.4 kilometers away).
 
Regarding The National Monument of Costa Rica. The National Monument of Costa Rica is
National Monument of Costa Rica Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 11, 2015
2. National Monument of Costa Rica Marker
Batalla de Santa Rosa
a sculpture by Frenchman Louis-Robert Carrier-Belleuse, and it is located in the National Park (Parque Nacional) of San José. It is generally considered to be the most important monument in Costa Rica, since it represents the triumph of the Central American Federation against foreign invaders known as filibusters. The filibusters, under the command of American William Walker, attempted to conquer Nicaragua and the rest of Central America between 1855 to 1857. The defense of the independence and sovereignty of Costa Rica, headed by President Juan Rafael Mora Porras, is known in Costa Rica and the rest of Central America as the National Campaign of 1856-1857. At the time the five countries of Central America were still in a post-independence federation. Although the federation was not to last for much longer, this war against the filibusters was considered decisive for the formation of national identities. This is particularly true in Cost Rica as they, after Nicaragua, were the nation most affected by the war.

The National Monument, a sculpture cast in bronze on a pedestal, includes five female figures carrying weapons and driving away a male figure. A second male figure lies on the ground near the scene. The women are considered to be representative of the five Central American nations. The figure representing Costa Rica is seen comforting the wounded Nicaragua. Honduras
National Monument of Costa Rica Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 11, 2015
3. National Monument of Costa Rica Marker
Batalla de Rivas
is nearby with a shield and arrowheads. Guatemala wields an axe and may be attempting to behead the prone male figure. El Salvador is chasing and pointing at the fleeing male figure, supposedly representing William Walker and the other defeated filibusters. The other male figure represents the many dead and wounded in the conflict. It was sculpted in Paris in 1891, and unveiled on September 15, 1895 by President Rafael Yglesias Castro.
 
Categories. Patriots & PatriotismPoliticsWars, Non-US
 
National Monument of Costa Rica Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 11, 2015
4. National Monument of Costa Rica Marker
Toma de los Vapores. This was a decisive battle in the war as it cut the filibusters off from a sea route for supplies and communication.
National Monument of Costa Rica Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 11, 2015
5. National Monument of Costa Rica Marker
Detail of the National Monument of Costa Rica image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 11, 2015
6. Detail of the National Monument of Costa Rica
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 217 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   6. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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