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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Antigua Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, Guatemala
 

Volcanos Fuego and Acatenango

 
 
Volcanos Fuego and Acatenango Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 19, 2015
1. Volcanos Fuego and Acatenango Marker
Inscription.
Volcán Fuego
El Volcán de Fuego, izquierdo en la fotografía, forma parte de la Cadena Volcánica del periodo Cuaternario de Guatemala, que cruza completamente el país en forma paralela a la Costa del Océano Pacífico. Tiene edad aproximada de 8500 años y está catalogado como uno de la más activos del mundo, ya que en tiempos históricos ha hecho al menos 60 erupciones.
Se ubica al sur del Volcán Acatenango y dista 45 kilómetros en línea recta de la ciudad de Guatemala. Su posición geográfico está dada por las coordenadas: Lat. 14°28.9’N; long. 90°52.9’W y tiene una altura de 3,763 metros sobre el nivel del mar.
Por su forma y estructura se clasifica como un estrato-volcán o cono compuesto, es decir, formado por capas alternas de escoria y coladas de lava. Solamente se conoce un cráter, el cual se ubica en su cima. Tiene una forma cónica con laderas muy inclinadas que descienden uniformamente hasta la base, con excepción del flanco norte que está cortado por una estructura antigua llamada comúnmente “La Meseta”.
Constituye el centro eruptivo más reciente de un complejo volcánico que tiene una orientación norte-sur y que inició a formarse hace 84,000 a 43,000 años. Por todos sus flancos está cubierto por una densa vegetación, hasta unos 3,000 metros de altura, y por arriba de ésta, ha sido
Volcanos Fuego and Acatenango Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 19, 2015
2. Volcanos Fuego and Acatenango Marker
Unfortunately clouds cover the Volcano Agua in the distance. The Volcanos Fuego and Acatenango are to the right in this image. The marker can be seen in the distance to the left, with the Volcano Agua marker on its left.
removida por la erosión y/o por la actividad volcánica.
Antes de 1932 la cima tenía forma de pico y durante la erupción de ese año, la cúspide se derrumbó, disminuyendo en casi 80 metros su altura y formando un amplio cráter con una cresta dentada y aguda en la mayor parte noreste, en donde se formó una brecha por la que ha fluido la lava de erupciones posteriores.
El cráter se ha llenado y vaciado de manera periódica, conforme se produce el aporte de lava de las erupciones. El más reciente llenado del cráter se produjo entre enero y marzo del año 2002, coincidiendo con un incremento en la actividad. A partir de febrero de 2002, la lava comenzó a desbordarse hacia el flanco este del cráter y a partir de agosto del mismo año, también hacia el flanco suroreste (sic, sureste).

Volcán Acatenango
El Volcán Acatenango, derecho en la fotografía, se encuentra activo actualmente a pesar que su última erupción fue en 1972. En 1981 los geólogos subieron a la cima y reportaron un fuerte olor a azufre pero sin fumarolas visibles.
De acuerdo a las características de erupción, es un volcán de tipo estratovolcano con una altura de 1,976 metros sobre el nivel del mar.
Cuenta una leyenda que las personas que vivían en el pueblo de Acatenango veían un espíritu caminando cerca del volcán. Un día un grupo de personas lo molestaron y nunca se le volvió a ver; unos días después el volcán hizo erupción.

English:
Volcano Fuego
The Volcano Fuego, to the left in the photograph, is part of the Volcanic Chain of Guatemala’s Quaternary Period, which completely traverses the country parallel to the Pacific coast. It is approximately 8500 years old and is catalogued as one of the most active in the world, because it is known this volcano has had at least 60 eruptions in historic times.
The Fuego is located to the south of the Acatenango volcano and is 45 kilometers from Guatemala City, as the crow flies. Its geographical position is given by the coordinates: Lat. 14°28.9’N; long. 90°52.9’W and it has an altitude of 3,763 meters over sea level.
Because of its shape and structure, it is classified as a stratovolcano or compound cone. That is, formed of alternate layers of scoria and lava. Only one crater is known, located at the top. It has a conical shape with very steep slopes that descend evenly towards the base, with the exception of the northern side, where it is cut by an old structure commonly known as “La Meseta”.
It constitutes the most recent eruptive center of a volcanic complex that has a north-south orientation and began forming 84,000 to 43,000 years ago. It is covered by thick vegetation on all its sides, up to about 3,000 meters. Above that, vegetation has been removed by erosion or volcanic activity.
Before 1932, the top had the shape of a peak but, during that year’s eruption, the top collapsed, decreasing almost 80 meters in height and forming a wide crater with a dented and pointed crest on the northeastern side, where a breccia was formed allowing lava from later eruptions to flow.
On different occasions the crater has been periodically filled and emptied, as lava is produced. The most recent filling of the crater happened between January and March of 2002, coinciding with an increase in activity. As of February 2002, the lava began to overflow towards the eastern side of the crater and in August of that year it started to overflow towards the southeastern side.

Volcano Acatenango
The Volcano Acatenango, to the right in the photograph, at present is active, even though its last eruption was in 1972. In 1981 the geologists climbed all the way to the top and reported a strong sulfuric smell, but without visible fumaroles.
Because of the type of its eruptions, the Acatenango Volcano is classified as a stratovolcano, with an elevation of 3,976 meters over sea level.
There is a legend telling that people who lived in the Acatenango village saw a spirit walking near the volcano. One day a group of persons teased the spirit and they were never seen again; a few days later, the volcano erupted.
 
Location. 14° 33.155′ N, 90° 43.374′ W. Marker is in Antigua Guatemala, Sacatepéquez. Click for map. The marker is in the outdoor seating area for the El Tenedor restaurant on Cerro Santo Domingo. The Cerro Santo Domingo is reached from an unnamed cobblestone street on the right after the Shell Gas Station when leaving Antigua Guatemala on Calle de Chipilapa towards Guatemala City.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Volcano Agua (here, next to this marker); Catholic Church of Santa Ana (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Home of Brother Pedro (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Pedro Cofiño and Ramon Palencia Shot by Firing Squad (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Friar Augusto Ramírez Monasterio (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Don Rafael V. Alvarez Polanco (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); J. Adrian Coronado y Polanco (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); First Location of Olimpia Leal Normal School (approx. 0.9 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Antigua Guatemala.
 
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Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 332 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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