“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Stonestreet Medical Museum

Conflicting Loyalties

Stonestreet Medical Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, January 14, 2006
1. Stonestreet Medical Museum Marker
Inscription. Of the four presidential candidates in 1860, Abraham Lincoln received only 50 of Montgomery County's 2429 votes. Some of Rockville's 365 residents surrendered government jobs in Washington, refusing to sign the Oath of Loyalty, rather than face their neighbors' sanction. Vocal supporters championed both sides, and although many families had Southern connections, men enlisted in the U.S. Army as well as the Confederate Service. When Lincoln issued his first call for militia in April 1861, Maryland failed to fill its quota of 3,123 men. In May, after quotas increased, Maryland had only 9,355 of the 15,578 needed. Many recruits agreed only to defend against Confederate invasion. Altogether, some 46,638 Marylanders served both armies; of them, 909 were killed in action, 1160 died of disease, 647 succumbed while prisoners of war, and 266 died accidentally or from other causes. Rockville residents Lawerence Dawson and John H. Higgins served as Union enrollment officers. Richard M. Williams was clerk, and John DeSellum drew draftees' names. In fall 1862, Dr. Edward E. Stonestreet, whose Rockville office stands before you, was commissioned the Montgomery County Examining Surgeon for the Union army. While examining draftees in Washington, D.C., he issued 233 waivers for service including one for a sharpshooter with "vision problems." Some
Stonestreet Museum image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, January 14, 2006
2. Stonestreet Museum
evaded the draft by paying $300 commutation or hiring substitutes to enlist for three years—often a slave or someone from among recent immigrants and the poor. Free blacks and slaves served in both armies, and Maryland Governor Thomas Hicks complained of Union recruiters who enticed slaves to leave their owners.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 5.087′ N, 77° 9.33′ W. Marker is in Rockville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker can be reached from West Middle Lane near North Adams Street, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is on the grounds of the Beall-Dawson House. Marker is in this post office area: Rockville MD 20850, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Beall-Dawson House (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Beall-Dawson House (a few steps from this marker); Beall-Dawson House and Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Higgins House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); North Adams Street and Middle Lane Residential Area (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Rockville.
More about this marker. One of the series of Maryland Civil War Trails markers. This one is on the Gettysburg Campaign.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,562 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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