Near Newcastle in Young County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Tonkawa Scouts, C.S.A.
The Tonkawa tribe, by contrast, sought friendship with Texans. They became valued allies in the Civil War, scouting against hostile Indians and watching for signs of Federal invasion. Old Texas Indian fighters, who once had fought Tonkawas along with others, in wartime asked for Tonkawa scouts along the frontier defense line from Red River to the Rio Grande. Commanders valued them so much they fed them at personal expense when necessary, to obtain their help. A few Tonkawa scouts were more useful than two or three companies of regular soldiers. They could stalk enemies better than bloodhounds.
They paid for their Confederate loyalty. On Oct. 25, 1862, near present Anadarko, Okla., hostile Indians attacked the Tonkawa camp, killing 137 men, women, and children out of 300. When later their Chief Castile requested a tribal home in Texas, they were located at Fort Griffin, where they remained until 1884, and then were removed to Oklahoma.
Erected 1964 by Texas State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number 5507.)
Location. 33° 9.076′ N, 98° 44.501′ W. Marker is near Newcastle, Texas, in Young County. Marker can be reached from Farm to Market Road 61 south of Thompson Road. Click for map. Marker is located inside Fort Belknap park near the basketball court; the above directions are to the entrance of the park. Marker is in this post office area: Newcastle TX 76372, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Military Road (Fort Belknap - Fort Phantom Hill) (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Old Fort Belknap Powder Magazine (about 300 feet away); Fort Belknap Memorial (about 300 feet away); Colonel William C. Young (about 300 feet away); Camp Belknap, C.S.A. (about 400 feet away); Major Robert S. Neighbors (about 400 feet away); Fort Belknap (about 500 feet away); Military Road (Fort Belknap - San Antonio) (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Newcastle.
Also see . . . Tonkawa Indians. From the Texas State Historical Association’s “Handbook of Texas Online”. (Submitted on April 2, 2016.)
Categories. • Native Americans • War, US Civil • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 180 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.