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Bordeaux in McCormick County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Guillebeau Home and Family Cemetery

 
 
Guillebeau Home and Family Cemetery Marker - Front image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, July 19, 2008
1. Guillebeau Home and Family Cemetery Marker - Front
Inscription.
[Front]:
One half mile west is the pioneer home of Andre Guillebeau, a member of the original Huguenot group which settled New Bordeaux in 1764, having fled from the persecution in France under the leadership of the Reverend Jean Louis Gibert. The house is constructed of logs and, according to family tradition, was built sometime before 1800.

[Reverse]:
Among eighteen members of the Guillebeau family buried in the cemetery one half mile west are Andre Guillebeau, French Huguenot and soldier of the American Revolution, his wife, Mary Jane Roquemore, their son, Pierre Guillebeau, who was for many years a ruling elder of Willington Presbyterian Church, and his wife, Mary Jane Bellot.
 
Erected 1972 by Huguenot Society of South Carolina, McCormick County Historical Society, Long Cane Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. (Marker Number 33-5.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Daughters of the American Revolution, and the South Carolina, McCormick County Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 33° 57.079′ N, 82° 26.491′ W. Marker is in Bordeaux, South Carolina, in McCormick County. Marker is at the intersection of State Highway 81 and Moss Avenue (Road
Guillebeau Home and Family Cemetery Marker - Reverse image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, July 19, 2008
2. Guillebeau Home and Family Cemetery Marker - Reverse
196), on the left when traveling west on State Highway 81. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mc Cormick SC 29835, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Andre Guillebeau (approx. 0.4 miles away); John De La Howe School Enterprise Market Program at "The Barn" (approx. one mile away); John De La Howe School (approx. one mile away); John De La Howe / John De La Howe School (approx. 1.2 miles away); De La Howe Hall (approx. 1.4 miles away); Cherry Hill / Noble Cemetery (approx. 2 miles away); Site of Willington Presbyterian Church (approx. 2 miles away); Willington Academy (approx. 2 miles away); Willington (approx. 2.1 miles away); Site of Willington Academy (approx. 2.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Bordeaux.
 
Also see . . .
1. Guillebeau House. The Guillebeau House is a good example of Southern eighteenth-century pioneer construction. (Submitted on July 21, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

2. Guillebeau Cemetery Index. Location: Go north of McCormick on Highway 28 toward John de la Howe School. Go past de la Howe marker, approximately 1 1/2 miles to road S-33-196. Turn left at S-33-196, then left again at first road. Cemetery is located apporximately 1/2 mile on left of road and surrounded by iron
Guillebeau Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
3. Guillebeau Cemetery
fence. (Submitted on September 21, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

3. A History of New Bordeaux, South Carolina. In 1761, The Bounty Act was a direct result of the French and Indian War (1756-1759 in the colonies) and the Cherokee War (1760) in South Carolina. (Submitted on November 23, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

4. New Bordeaux. Marker located at the Bordeaux Crossroads in McCormick County. (Submitted on November 23, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

5. Guillebeau Family History. France became the start of the Huguenots who were a French Calvinist of the 16th or 17th century, but for us in the United States the Huguenots were something else. (Submitted on November 23, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

6. Hickory Knob State Resort Park. What would you call a state park that offers 18 holes of lakeside championship golf, tennis, skeet shooting and archery, a swimming pool for lodge guests, full-service restaurant and meeting facilities and more than 70 lodge rooms? (Submitted on November 23, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

7. Cultural Influences on Colonial Architecture in South Carolina. A study of several colonial era houses in South Carolina, including the Guillebeau house. (Submitted on November 23, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Additional comments.
Guillebeau Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
4. Guillebeau Cemetery

1. Guillebeau House
The Guillebeau House is a good example of Southern pioneer construction. Built on the double pen house plan developed extensively in the South, the house has one exterior chimney and two front entrances. Shed-roof porch across front, originally open, has been enclosed at either end to provide additional rooms. The original floor plan is still intact and consists of three rooms in front of three rooms. The second floor also has three rooms which were completed shortly after the Revolutionary War. At one time a dining room wing was attached at rear but is not believed to have been original.

Several of the large logs which provided original foundation supports are still intact. Walls are constructed of hand-hewn logs with mortise-and-tenon joints. Filling between logs.

Medium gable roof features typical pioneer construction method in which plates are used to support rafters which in turn support purl ins. Roof was covered with wooden shingles.

Original exterior end chimney is laid in Flemish bond in first two stages. In third stage, brickwork is done in all stretcher pattern with alternating header-stretcher design in comers.

The family cemetery is included in the acreage nominated. It is maintained by the Guillebeau descendants.

Significance
With the revival of the
L. B. Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
5. L. B. Guillebeau Tombstone
Died Jan. 14, 1885
Aged 82 Years
Reformed Church in France by such leaders as Antoine Court, the French government enacted the vindictive Edict of 1724 which was in force until the 1787 Edict of Toleration. During this period of relentless Protestant persecution, a small group of French Huguenots led by the Reverend Jean Louis Gibert and the Reverend Pierre Boutiton petitioned George III for permission to establish a settlement in one of England's American colonies. Their petition was granted in 1763 when the Earl of Hillsborough wrote to Governor Boone of South Carolina that the king thought it advisable for the French to be established in South Carolina where their knowledge of the culture of vines and silks would be particularly useful. Hillsborough further instructed the governor to provide a "proper Township for them either upon the river Savannah or "some other Convenient river." After a long sea voyage from Plymouth, England and several months delay in Charleston and at Fort Lyttleton near Port Royal, the French settlers arrived at New Bordeaux in August 1764. Although there were several Huguenot settlements in the lowcountry, New Bordeaux was the only such settlement in the South Carolina upcountry. Andre Guillebeau (b.1739-d.1814) built this house shortly after his arrival at New Bordeaux. The house was subsequently owned by Andre's son Peter (b.1769-d.1854) and then by Peter's son Peter (b.1812-d.1891).
Peter Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
6. Peter Guillebeau Tombstone
Died December 1844
Aged 85 Years
After the death of Peter in 1891, the property went to Peter's brother, John James Guillebeau, who sold it shortly thereafter. According to Peter's will, there was a 400-acre tract surrounding the house.

Military Significance
During the American Revolution, Andre Guillebeau served in the American militia under Captain Joseph Bouchillon (also a Huguenot settler at New Bordeaux) from August 1779 - May 1782. Andre wounded in action.

Architectural Significance
The Guillebeau House is a fine physical document on 18th Century pioneer construction in the South. It remains largely unaltered. Descendants of Andre Guillebeau continue to hold family reunions in New Bordeaux every other year and are most interested in promoting the purchase and restoration of the house. Since it is the only extant Huguenot building in New Bordeaux, its preservation is extremely important to the area and the state. (Source: National Register nomination form.)
    — Submitted November 23, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.

 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesColonial EraNotable BuildingsNotable PersonsSettlements & SettlersWar, US Revolutionary
 
Andrew Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
7. Andrew Guillebeau Tombstone
Died Jan. 20, 1880
Aged 82 Years
Peter D. Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
8. Peter D. Guillebeau Tombstone
Co. C., S.C. Inf., C.S.A.
Jane Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
9. Jane Guillebeau Tombstone
Died in 1937
Aged 65 Years
Wife of
Peter D. Guillebeau.
Andre Guillebeau Tombstone<br>Died in 1814 Aged 75 Yrs. image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
10. Andre Guillebeau Tombstone
Died in 1814 Aged 75 Yrs.
Born in France, was one of
the first settlers of this county.
Was a soldier in the
revolutionary war, and
received a wound in the hip.
Mary Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
11. Mary Guillebeau Tombstone
Died in 1820
aged 75 years
She emigrated from
France to this country
with her husband
(Andre Guillebeau).
Miss Susan Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
12. Miss Susan Guillebeau Tombstone
Died Feb. 6, 1882
Aged 75 Years
Catherine Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
13. Catherine Guillebeau Tombstone
Died Jan. 10, 1889
Aged 74 Years
Peter L. Guillebeau Tombstone image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
14. Peter L. Guillebeau Tombstone
Born June 3, 1812
Died Jan. 13, 1891
Top of Peter L. Guillebeau Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 20, 2008
15. Top of Peter L. Guillebeau Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,836 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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