Newnan in Coweta County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Battle of Brown's Mill: Ride for the River
Brown's Mill Battleﬁeld
Ashby's ambush and Wheeler's headlong assault cut McCook's column to pieces. Most of the raiders dismounted south of the present-day Millard Farmer Road, rallying around a section of the 18th Indiana Battery, which unlimbered next to a log cabin on the crest of a commanding ridge. As these 2 guns hurled shells and canister at the oncoming Rebel ranks, McCook turned around and around, imploring "What shall we do? What shall we do?"
As the confused fighting seesawed through the gullied fields and dense thickets, McCook suffered heavy casualties while Wheeler received a steady stream of reinforcements.
Brigadier General Robert H. Anderson arrived with 400 Confederate cavalrymen who had ridden all the way from Flat Shoals. Philip Roddey brought his dismounted cavalrymen and several hundred convalescent soldiers from Newnan's four military hospitals. By 5:00 p.m., Wheeler's horseshoe-shaped line had the raiders hemmed in on three sides. Convinced he was "completely surrounded" by "an overwhelming force," McCook summoned his senior officers and announced his intention to surrender.
"Gentlemen," replied Jim Brownlow, the 21-year-old colonel of the 1st Tennessee Cavalry, "you can all surrender and be damned. I'm going out with my regiment." When other officers echoed these sentiments, McCook agreed
Wheeler surrounded and captured the 8th Iowa. That night after sending several detachments to pursue McCook, he returned to Newnan and made his headquarters at Buena Vista, a white-columned house on LaGrange Street. Taking a seat at a parlor desk, he spread out his maps and then fell asleep.
While Wheeler slept, three columns of desperate demoralized Yankees raced for the river. At about 9:00 p.m., remnants of Torrey's brigade reached the Chattahoochee at Williamson's Ferry 15 miles above Franklin. Commandeering 3 old canoes they crossed without opposition, swimming their horses alongside.
At about 11:00 p.m., McCook and the largest group, about 1,200 strong, reached Philpott's Ferry 9 miles below Franklin. After refloating the sunken ferryboat, they were frantically shuttling men and horses across the river when the 5th Georgia Cavalry attacked at dawn, capturing all those still stranded on the east bank.
McCook led the survivors on a roundabout retreat through eastern Alabama and western Georgia. They reached Marietta on August
Erected 2013 by Coweta County, Georgia Departments of Transportation & Natural Resources.
Location. 33° 20.091′ N, 84° 50.355′ W. Marker is in Newnan, Georgia, in Coweta County. Marker can be reached from Millard Farmer Road 0.4 miles east of Old Corinth Road, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 155 Millard Farmer Road, Newnan GA 30263, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Battle of Brown's Mill: Detour to Battle (here, next to this marker); Wheeler's Pursuit (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Brown's Mill: Aftermath (here, next to this marker); McCook's Raid (a few steps from this marker); "The Big Raid" (a few steps from this marker); Gen. Jos. Wheeler, C.S.A. (approx. 0.3 miles away); In Memoriam (approx. 0.3 miles away); William McIntosh (approx. 3.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Newnan.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . . Coweta County website about the Battleground. (Submitted on May 16, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 143 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.