Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Montgomery County Circuit Court / Sit-Ins and Marches at the Montgomery County Courthouse
Site of Major Civil Rights Cases 1956-1960
In 1956, 89 persons were indicted for violating an anti-boycott law; Rosa Parks' conviction was appealed; the Montgomery Improvement Association car pool was enjoined; and Fred D. Gray was accused of legal misrepresentation (actions in all 4 cases ended with the successful end of the boycott). In 1957, the NAACP was banned from Alabama (later overturned). In 1960, black Alabama State College and white MacMurray College (IIlinois) students were jailed for eating together at the Regal Cafe, and a white and a black student were arrested for attempted desegregation of the Jefferson Davis Hotel; all convictions in these cases were reversed. Also in 1960, local black ministers were sued for libel in the case that resulted in the landmark 1964 Times v. Sullivan ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court, and Martin Luther King Jr. was acquitted by an all white jury in a tax case. African American lawyers arguing cases in the courts here included attorneys Fred D. Gray, Charles Langford, Solomon Seay Jr., Charles Conley, Orzell Billingsley Peter Hall, Arthur Shores and Robert Carter.
On February 25, 1960, Alabama
Erected 2015 by the Montgomery Improvement Association, Alabama Historical Association.
Location. 32° 22.571′ N, 86° 18.38′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Avenue and South Perry Street, on the left when traveling Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 115 South Perry Street, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A County Older Than the State (here, next to this marker); Confederate States of America (CSA) Post Office Department (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Montgomery County Korean War Veterans (about 300 feet away); Dr. J. Marion Sims (about 300 feet away); Office of Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill (about 300 feet away); The Capital City Guards (about 500 feet away); Major Lemuel Purnell Montgomery (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Montgomery.
Also see . . . Alabama State University article on "Taking a Seat Against Segregation.". (Submitted on May 28, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Education •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 196 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.