Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Railway, With Tracks and Without
The surrounding landscape has its own history. During the winter of 1862-63, a Confederate winter encampment covered the hills north of Hazel Run. The Southern troops built small huts on the southern exposure of the nearby slopes. In the spring of 1863, during the Chancellorsville campaign, this cleared and level railway (without tracks) also proved an excellent covered way to rapidly deploy troops across the rough terrain.
When the Virginia Central Railway upgraded its tracks from a narrow gauge to a standard gauge, it replaced stone abutments with poured concrete piers, to handle the wider tracks. Note that the end facing upstream is pointed, like the prow of a ship.
A rail link between Fredericksburg and the Town of Orange appeared to be a critical need within Virginia's network of railways, but never proved proﬁtable.
Hut holes in the woods on the opposite side of Hazel Run are all that remain of a large Civil War encampment. The winter huts were of rude construction and locating them on a southern exposure was an attempt to derive as much comfort as possible from the sun.
On the afternoon of May 4, 1863, Confederate troops moved through this area along the graded route, preparing for an assault against Federal forces along Plank Road (State Route 3).
Erected by Fredericksburg Timeless.
Location. 38° 16.883′ N, 77° 29.879′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. 1) and Kings Mill Drive, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located along the Virginia Central Railway Trail. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Virginia Central Railway Trail (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Reestablishing a Travel Way (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Walker Landram House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Fredericksburg (approx. 0.8 miles away); Building a Railroad Through a Stream Valley (approx. 0.9 miles away); Lee’s Position (approx. one mile away); Lee’s Hill (approx. 1.2 miles away); Lee's Hill, the commander's lookout (approx. 1.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fredericksburg.
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Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 85 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 20, 2016.