Born enslaved March 12, 1864, Charles Young was the highest-ranking African American line officer most of his career. He became the third Black graduate of West Point in 1889 and the last until 1936. Young served with the 9th and 10th Calvary "Buffalo Soldiers" and as Professor of Military Science at Wilberforce University. During the Spanish American War Young commanded the 9th Battalion Ohio Volunteer (Colored) Infantry and later led 9th Calvary troops in combat in the Philippines. The first African American national park superintendent, Young supervised the building of roads for public access to Sequoia and General Grant national parks and protected the natural wonders there. The first Black military attache, Young served in Haiti and Liberia. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People awarded Young its highest honor, the Spingarn Medal, for his accomplishments in Liberia.
Young commanded troops in the Mexican Punitive Expedition and was recommended for promotion and a command in Europe during World War I. Instead, he was involuntarily retired. President Wilson believed some White officers would refuse to serve under a Black commander. Young was classified unfit for medical reasons though Army doctors recommended he be permitted to serve. To prove his fitness Young
Erected 2011 by Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 24- 29.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Buffalo Soldiers, and the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
Location. 39° 42.421′ N, 83° 53.426′ W. Marker is near Wilberforce, Ohio, in Greene County. Marker is on U.S. 42, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is located at the Charles Young house, southwest of Wilberforce, Ohio. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1120 Rt US 42 E, Xenia, Ohio, Xenia OH 45385, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Colonel Charles Young House (within shouting distance of this marker); Payne Theological Seminary (approx. 0.6 miles Lt. Charles Young at Wilberforce University (approx. 0.7 miles away); Wilberforce University / Distinguished Wilberforceans (approx. 0.7 miles away); Central State University (approx. 0.8 miles away); Old Wilberforce University Campus at Tawawa Springs (approx. 0.8 miles away); Galloway Hall (approx. 0.8 miles away); Brigadier General Benjamin Oliver Davis, Sr. (approx. 0.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Wilberforce.
Categories. • African Americans • War, Spanish-American • War, World I •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. This page has been viewed 80 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 27, 2016.