Clemson in Pickens County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Fort Hill Plantation Oﬃce
John C. Calhoun's Plantation Office was his private sanctuary and housed both his study and library during his twenty-five year residency at Fort Hill. In this building Calhoun developed and set forth his most historically significant constitutional arguments and political theories.
Vice-President John C. Calhoun moved to the Pendleton District from Washington D.C. in 1825 and settled into the Presbyterian manse "Clergy Hall." After serving in the U.S. House of Representatives and as Secretary of War under President James Monroe, Calhoun had been elected to the vice-presidency under John Quincy Adams in 1824. He later christened his renovated Greek revival home "Fort Hill" and made it his permanent residence for the rest of his life. At Fort Hill in 1828, Calhoun anonymously penned "The South Carolina Exposition and Protest," outlining his political theory of nullification. In July 1831, he published his famous "Fort Hill Address" publicly signaling his doctrine of states' rights. Calhoun resigned as vice-president under Andrew Jackson in December 1832 during the nullification crisis.
Calhoun was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1832. His oratory in debates with fellow senators Henry Clay and Daniel Webster earned them the name "The Great Triumvirate." Calhoun's service in the Senate was interrupted briefly while he served out a term as Secretary of State for President John Tyler, which included
The Fort Hill plantation estate is a National Historic Landmark. The complex is preserved as an historic house museum in accordance with the will of Calhoun's son-in-law Thomas G. Clemson and is furnished almost entirely with original family artifacts.
Archie Shaw Dargan (Class of 1949) and Caroline Sligh Dargan,
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, in memory of his uncle,
George Edwin Dargan, Esq.
Location. 34° 40.715′ N, 82° 50.331′ W. Marker is in Clemson, South Carolina, in Pickens County. Marker is on Fort Hill Street. Click for map. Marker is located directly behind Fort Hill, on the walking path to the Plantation Office. Marker is in this post office area: Clemson SC 29631, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Hill (here, next to this marker); Site of the First Meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Clemson Agricultural College (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Fort Hill (within shouting distance of this marker); Walter T. Cox, Jr. (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Woman Graduate (about 600 feet away); Quercus lyrata (Overcup Oak) (about 700 feet away); Integration with Dignity, 1963 (about 700 feet away); Military Heritage Plaza (about 800 feet away); Thomas Green Clemson (approx. 0.2 miles away); Memorial Park / The Scroll of Honor (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Clemson.
Also see . . .
1. The South Carolina Exposition and Protest.
2. Fort Hill Address.
3. A Disquisition on Government.
4. Discourse on the Constitution.
Categories. • Antebellum South, US • Notable Buildings • Notable Persons •
Credits. This page originally submitted on July 26, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,537 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 26, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 3. submitted on March 17, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.