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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Hancock in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Round Top Cement Mill

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park

 
 
Round Top Cement Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 22, 2016
1. Round Top Cement Mill Marker
Inscription. Across the canal bed are the remains of the once prosperous Round Top Cement Mill. The abundance of high calcium limestone drew cement manufacturers to this area in 1838. A useful material, limestone can be cut into building blocks or burned and ground for use in fertilizer or natural cement. The eight kilns across from you could produce 48 tons of burnt lime per day. The Round Top Cement Company provided cement for the construction of the Washington Monument, the U.S. Capitol building, and much of the masonry along the western end of the canal.

The Round Top Cement Company struggled to stay profitable in spite of the ease of shipping and the high quality of its cement. Fires in 1848, 1897, and 1903 burned the mill to the ground. Even more devastating than fire was the introduction and manufacturing of Portland cement in the United States in the late 19th century. Weakened by the competition, the Round Top Cement Company was forced to close its operation after the 1903 fire.

(caption)
This image shows the mill as it looked before it was rebuilt in 1897. A faulty chimney flue caused the 1903 fire.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal marker
Round Top Cement Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 22, 2016
2. Round Top Cement Mill Marker
series.
 
Location. 39° 40.629′ N, 78° 13.6′ W. Marker is near Hancock, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker can be reached from Canal Street 3.1 miles west of South Pennsylvania Avenue. Click for map. Located on the C&O Canal Towpath. Marker is in this post office area: Hancock MD 21750, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Round Top Geology (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Round Top Cement Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Round Top Heritage Area (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Round Top Sand Company (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lovers' Leap (approx. 1.7 miles away in West Virginia); “Old Mr. Flintís” Home (approx. 1.9 miles away); National Pike Toll House (approx. 2 miles away); Tonoloway Fort (approx. 2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Hancock.
 
Also see . . .  Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park. National Park Service (Submitted on July 25, 2016.) 
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
Round Top Cement Mill Ruins image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 22, 2016
3. Round Top Cement Mill Ruins
Round Top Cement Mill Kilns image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 22, 2016
4. Round Top Cement Mill Kilns
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 107 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on July 25, 2016.
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