Washington in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
John Wesley Cromwell Residence
—African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC —
1439 Swann Street, NW
Lawyer, scholar, and publisher John Wesley Cromwell (1846-1927) lived here from 1894 until his death. Born enslaved in Portsmouth, Virginia, Cromwell moved to Washington in 1871 to study law at Howard University. He published the weekly People's Advocate from 1876 until 1886. In 1896 he joined with Alexander Crummell, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Walter B. Hayson, and Kelly Miller to found the American Negro Academy, a learned society dedicated to advancing African American culture through scholarly publishing and by supporting "youths of genius." Cromwell penned the pioneering study, The First Negro Churches in the District of Colombia (1917), as well as The Negro in American History (1914) and other works.
John Wesley Cromwell
Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Washington, D.C. African American Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 38° 54.892′ N, 77° 2.004′ W. Marker is in Washington, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on Swann Street, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is at
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Georgia Douglas Johnson Residence (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); This section of 15th St. (about 400 feet away); Strong Families and Eminent Citizens (about 500 feet away); A Magic Place (about 500 feet away); A Shared Neighborhood (approx. 0.2 miles away); Paul Laurence Dunbar Apartments (approx. 0.2 miles away); Todd Duncan Residence (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Whitelaw Hotel and “the Duke” (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Washington.
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Education •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of San Salvador, El Salvador. This page has been viewed 113 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of San Salvador, El Salvador. This page was last revised on September 7, 2016.