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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Belle Plaine in Sumner County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Chisholm Trail in Sumner County

 
 
Chisholm Trail in Sumner County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 2, 2016
1. Chisholm Trail in Sumner County Marker
Inscription. The Chisholm Trail probably began as a buffalo migration route, linking summer pastures in the Central Plains to winter pastures in Texas. American Indians followed the buffalo and shared the route with U.S. explorers, who mapped it in the 1850s. In 1865 Jesse Chisholm, for whom the trail was eventually named, drove 250 cattle over the trail to what is today Wichita. An estimated 5 million head followed the route into Kansas over the next 20 years.

Traffic became thick after 1867 when Joseph McCoy built a large stockyard on the Kansas Pacific Railroad at Abilene (140 miles north of here) — the nearest shipping point to Texas. It took about three months to drive a herd from Texas to Abilene and cost roughly 75 cents a head. The same animals sold for 10 to 20 times that amount in Kansas City. In 1885 Kansas imposed quarantine on Texas cattle, which carried a deadly tick, and the cattle trails closed. By then Kansas had become a leader in the nationís livestock industry.
 
Erected 2012 by the State of Kansas. (Marker Number 63.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 37° 22.001′ N, 97° 19.348′ W. Marker is near Belle
Marker area located just south of rest stop building when driving south. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 2, 2016
2. Marker area located just south of rest stop building when driving south.
Plaine, Kansas, in Sumner County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 35 at milepost 26, in the median. Click for map. Located in the Kansas Travel Information Center Rest Area near Belle Plaine Kansas. Marker is at or near this postal address: 770 North I-35, Belle Plaine KS 67013, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within walking distance of this marker. Wheat Capital of the World (here, next to this marker).
 
More about this marker. Marker was replaced in 2012.
Previous marker text:
Chisholm Trail & Wheat Country

This portion of the plains ~ ~ Indian country until about 1870 ~ ~ is a center of Kansas agriculture and industry. Over the Chisholm trail, which ran a few miles west and roughly parallel to this Turnpike from the Oklahoma line to Wichita, a million head of Texas cattle were herded to Kansas railheads from 1867 to 1876. Caldwell, 37 miles southwest, rivaled Dodge City in cattle shipments and gun fights after the railroad reached there in 1880.
Oklahoma “Boomers” camped in and around Wellington just before central Oklahoma was opened for white settlement in 1889. Again in 1893 when the Cherokee Outlet was opened, thousands waited near Arkansas City, South Haven, Hunnewell, and Caldwell for the shot that sent them spilling into the promised land.
Wellington
1873 Map of Chisholm Trail with Subsidiary Trails in Texas image. Click for full size.
Courtesy- Kansas Historical Society.
3. 1873 Map of Chisholm Trail with Subsidiary Trails in Texas
is the seat of Sumner county, normally the banner wheat producer of Kansas. Winfield, 28 miles southeast, is a gateway to the great Bluestem pastures. North is Wichita ~ ~ Kansasí largest city and “air capital of the world.”
Erected by the Kansas Historical Society and Kansas Turnpike Authority

 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 115 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page was last revised on August 7, 2016.
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