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Manassas in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Blocking the Union Advance

 

—First Battle of Manassas —

 
Blocking the Union Advance Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 12, 2008
1. Blocking the Union Advance Marker
Inscription. Knowing they were badly outnumbered, Evans' 900 Confederates stared across this open field, waiting for the enemy to appear over the crest of the hill. Their only hope was to slow the 15,000-man Federal column long enough for reinforcements to arrive.

When the first Federals topped the rise, the Confederates fired. Both sides rushed reinforcements into the fight, and the battle raged on a half-mile front. After 1 ½ hours, outflanked and overwhelmed, the Confederates retreated in disarray toward Henry Hill. The battle seemed lost.
 
Location. 38° 49.42′ N, 77° 31.82′ W. Marker is in Manassas, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker is on Sudley Road (State Road 234) 0.4 miles north of Lee Highway (U.S. 29), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located in the Manassas National Battlefield Park, along the Matthews Hill trail. Marker is in this post office area: Manassas VA 20109, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rhode Island Battery (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Matthews Hill (about 600 feet away); Vision of Victory (about 600 feet away); 4th Alabama Infantry (about 800 feet
Blocking the Union Advance Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 12, 2008
2. Blocking the Union Advance Wayside
away); 2nd Rhode Island Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Federal Artillery Positions (approx. 0.2 miles away); U.S. Infantry Battalion (approx. ¼ mile away); George T. Stovall (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Manassas.
 
More about this marker. On the right side of the marker is a painting depicting The 4th Alabama Infantry reinforced the Confederate line. In the lower center is a portrait of Col. Egbert J. Jones, who led the 4th Alabama to shore up the Confederate line. Wounded and captured, Jones responded defiantly, "You may have me..., but ten thousand... will take my place." His response proved prophetic.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Crest of the Hill image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 12, 2008
3. Crest of the Hill
Looking from the marker location to the north. Burnside's Federal Brigade crested Matthews Hill, seen in the distance where the artillery pieces now stand, and were engaged by Evans' Confederate Brigade. Evans' Brigade formed in the vicinity of the marker. Bee's Brigade arrived and formed to the right (east) of Evans. Finally Bartow's Brigade formed on the right of Bee's men. These three infantry brigades, supported by an artillery battery and small cavalry detachments, bore the brunt of the morning fighting.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,122 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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