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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Cleone in Mendocino County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Timber Years

 
 
Timber Years Marker, left section image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 22, 2016
1. Timber Years Marker, left section
Captions: (left to right) Hauling redwood logs in Mendocino County.; Schooner "National City" under the wire chute at Cleone.; The Cleone trestle was built for the railroad in1916.; Remnants of a berm to support the old haul road.
Inscription. The clatter of lumber and the shouts of longshoremen at Laguna Point began in 1883. Schooners and steamships moored here to take on loads of Mendocino's valuable redwood lumber
Laguna Point
In 1883, the Laguna Point loading operation served two sawmills - one at Laguna Creek (today's Mill Creek) and the other at Ten Mile River.
At Laguna Point, ships were loaded by sliding cargo down an "apron chute" to the deck. In 1885, winter storms washed away the chute and wharf. The apron chute was replaced by a "wire chute," which lowered bundles of lumber via cables.
The Tramway
In 1887, the Little Valley Lumber Company built a 2.5-mile-long, gravity-driven tramway from its mill near the town of Cleone to Laguna Point. Full rail cars coasted down hill to the shipping yard, and horses hauled them back to the mill.
Laguna Creek Mill and the tramway shut down in 1904. Although railroad ties and tanbark continued to travel out of Laguna Point until 1920, most lumber was shipped out of Fort Bragg.
From Railroad to Coast Trail
MacKerricher's coastal trail began as a logging railroad in 1916. In 1949, a road was built to transport logs by truck. The Lake Cleone railroad trestle burned down in the early 1960s. You can walk the same haul road today.
Doghole Schooners
Early
Timber Years Marker, right section image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 22, 2016
2. Timber Years Marker, right section
Captions: (left to right) Hauling redwood logs in Mendocino County.; Schooner "National City" under the wire chute at Cleone.; The Cleone trestle was built for the railroad in1916.; Remnants of a berm to support the old haul road.
in the logging era, specialized "doghole schooners" hauled lumber from the Mendocino Coast to markers in San Francisco. "Dogholes" referred to shipping points along the coast "too small for a dog to turn around in," but with just enough room to load lumber onto a small wooden schooner.
 
Erected by California State Parks.
 
Location. 39° 29.408′ N, 123° 48.103′ W. Marker is near Cleone, California, in Mendocino County. Marker is on Mill Creek Drive near Shoreline Highway (California Route 1). Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Bragg CA 95437, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Harvesting the Shore (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Surrounded By Trees (approx. 2.7 miles away); Our Past Through Our Trash (approx. 2.8 miles away); The Weller House (approx. 3 miles away); Dynamite Shack (approx. 3 miles away); Fort Building (approx. 3 miles away); Charles Russell Johnson (approx. 3.1 miles away); Fort Bragg (approx. 3.1 miles away).
 
More about this marker. This marker is located on the Laguna Point Trail in MacKerricher State Park.
 
Also see . . .
1. West Coast lumber trade - Wikipedia
Timber Years Marker, detail image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 22, 2016
3. Timber Years Marker, detail
The loading operation at Laguna Point was under contract with landowners Duncan MacKerricher, for whom the park is named. Jessie and Duncan MacKerricher (left).
Note the "You Are Here"
. As late as the California Gold Rush, New England lumber was still carried 13,000 miles around Cape Horn to San Francisco. But that started to change when Captain Stephen Smith (of the bark George Henry) established one of the first west coast lumber mill in a redwood forest near Bodega, California, in 1843. The first lumber mill on the west coast was established by John B. R. Cooper in Rancho El Molino near present-day Forestville, California. By the mid-1880s, more than 400 such mills operated within the forests of California's Humboldt County and along the shores of Humboldt Bay alone. (Submitted on August 9, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 

2. Dog-hole ports - Wikipeidia. There were four major methods of loading ships at dog-holes: lightering, slide, apron or gravity chutes, wire or trapeze chutes, and wharfing. [5] At first shippers used lighters to ferry cargo out to anchored ships, but this was a slow process. By 1860 a gravity chute called an apron or slide chute was developed. It consisted of an A-frame on the bluff and an apron that could be adjusted to the height of the ships’ decks. Lumbermen sent down cargo from the bluff, which was as high as 150 feet, by the chute powered by gravity. (Submitted on August 9, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceWaterways & Vessels
 
Timber Years Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 22, 2016
4. Timber Years Marker
Laguna Point in the background.
Diorama of lumber loading on the Mendocino Coast. image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2016
5. Diorama of lumber loading on the Mendocino Coast.
Loading lumber on the Mendocino Coast image. Click for full size.
By Unknown
6. Loading lumber on the Mendocino Coast
Loading passengers on the Mendocino Coast image. Click for full size.
By Unknown
7. Loading passengers on the Mendocino Coast
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 159 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page was last revised on August 9, 2016.
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