New Albany in Union County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
Elder Roma Wilson & Rev. Leon Pinson
The down-home gospel sounds of renowned Union County musicians Elder Roma Wilson (b. 1910) and Rev. Leon Pinson (1919-1998) won them many admirers among blues and folk music audiences, although they were evangelists rather than blues artists. Partners early in their careers, they performed at a number of festivals after reuniting in 1989. Wilson, who formed one of the first African-American gospel harmonica quartets in the 1940s, was awarded a National Heritage Fellowship in 1994.
Elder Roma Wilson and the Reverend Leon Pinson performed music that accentuated both the similarities and the differences between gospel and the blues. Instrumentally, the music often sounded so much like blues that it was sometimes called “holy blues” or “gospel blues.” But the lyrics of their songs were sacred, not secular, and both Wilson and Pinson steadfastly adhered to their religion and claimed that they never played the blues. Wilson told author Alan Young, “I donít have the blues. I only have joy. Got no blues, but we got respect for them – if people want to play Ďem, thatís their business.” Pinson said, “I hear some people say Iím singing the Ďgospel blues.í Gospel blues! Ainít no blues in gospel . . . You donít have no need of the blues if youíre
While churchgoers have often been at odds with the blues community, some of Mississippiís most renowned African American artists recorded and performed both blues and gospel music, including Charley Patton, Son House, B. B. King, Memphis Minnie, Bukka White, Big Joe Williams, Blind Roosevelt Graves, and Mississippi Fred McDowell. Clarksdale native Sam Cooke helped revolutionize popular music when he “crossed over” and adapted his gospel style to rhythm & blues.
Roma Wilson, born December 22, 1910, near Hickory Flat in Benton County, began playing harmonica in his teens and was ordained by the age of eighteen. He grew up around New Albany, farmed and worked at a sawmill and on the railroad, and moved to Arkansas and then to Michigan, where he found a job at a foundry, all while continuing to preach and play gospel music. He taught his three sons to play harmonica, and together they performed in church and on the streets of Detroit. Their unique harmonica quartet sound was featured on a 1952 recording credited to “Elder R. Wilson and Family ” which later piqued considerable interest among blues and gospel collectors. In 1976 Wilson returned to the New Albany area, although he eventually moved back to Detroit.
Guitarist and pianist Leon Pinson was born in Union County on January 11, 1919. A case of meningitis left
Erected 2009 by the Mississippi Blues Commission. (Marker Number 91.)
Location. 34° 29.178′ N, 89° 0.112′ W. Marker is in New Albany, Mississippi, in Union County. Marker is at the intersection of East Bankhead Street (U.S. 178) and Watson Avenue, on the right when traveling east on East Bankhead Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 521 East Bankhead Street, New Albany MS 38652, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Union County, Mississippi William Faulkner (approx. 0.6 miles away); Mosley and Johnson (approx. 0.6 miles away); New Albany, Mississippi (approx. 0.8 miles away); Ishtehotopah (approx. 2.5 miles away).
Also see . . . Wikipedia article on Roma WIlson. (Submitted on August 12, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • African Americans • Arts, Letters, Music • Entertainment •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 76 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page was last revised on August 12, 2016.