The Little Town Well
The earliest permanent white settler in present Labette County is believed to have been John Mathews, trader and blacksmith, who arrived here about 1840. He established a post to trade with the Osage Indians of one of White Hair's villages, located on the bluff northeast of this marker. Mathews dug and walled this spring-fed well and built a large double log house which served as a tavern and trading post.
Beginning in the late 1850's the Humboldt-Fort Gibson Road passed this point. In 1861 Mathews, a Southern sympathizer, was killed by Union troops and his buildings were burned.
Following the war white settlers began to stream in, and the Osages were removed to present Oklahoma. The community established here, called Little Town, became Oswego in 1866.
Location. 37° 10.021′ N, 95° 6.035′ W. Marker is in Oswego, Kansas, in Labette County. Marker is at the intersection of Union Street and 4th Street, on the right when traveling north on Union Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: John A. Mathews Park, Oswego KS 67356, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. John A. Mathews Park (here, next to this marker); Sulky Plow (approx. 0.4 miles
Also see . . .
1. John Allen Mathews at Kansas Memory. (Submitted on August 17, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Allen County, Kansas in Community & Conflict. (Submitted on August 17, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
3. The Sacking and Burning of Humboldt, Kansas in Cutler's History of the State of Kansas. (Submitted on August 17, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 96 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on August 17, 2016.