Tappahannock in Essex County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
British Raid on Tappahannock / The War of 1812
British Raid on Tappahannock
On 2 Dec. 1814, British naval forces commanded by Capt. Robert Barrie shelled and seized the town of Tappahannock during the War of 1812. Aiding the British were three companies of African American Colonial Marines composed of escaped slaves. By 4 Dec., when the British departed and Essex County militia reentered the town, the raiders had ransacked private houses, blown up a tannery, and burned two jails, the customs warehouse, and the courthouse. They also desecrated the burial vault of the prominent Ritchie family. This was one of the last British raids before the Treaty of Ghent was signed on 24 Dec. 1814.
The War of 1812
Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of American War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay and from British troops plundering the countryside by the Bay and along the James, Rappahannock, and Potomac Rivers. The Virginia militia deflected a British attempt to take Norfolk in 1813 and engaged British forces throughout the war. By the end of the war more than 2,000 enslaved African Americans in Virginia had gained their freedom aboard British ships.
Erected 2010 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number N 39.)
Location. 37° 55.811′ N, 76° 51.502′ W. Marker is in Tappahannock, Virginia, in Essex County. Marker is at the intersection of Queen Street (U.S. 360) and Newbill Drive (County Route T-1013), on the right when traveling west on Queen Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 135 Queen St, Tappahannock VA 22560, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Historic Tappahannock (a few steps from this marker); Enduring Records (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ritchie's Birthplace (about 600 feet away); Essex County Confederate Monument (approx. 0.2 miles away); William Moore Tidewater Musician (approx. 0.2 miles away); Toppahanock Indian Village (approx. 1.1 miles away); Hutchinson Tract (approx. 1.6 miles away); Pollinators (approx. 1.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Tappahannock.
Categories. • War of 1812 •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 119 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on August 22, 2016.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo of "British Raid on Tappahannock" side of marker. • Can you help?