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Brandy Station in Culpeper County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of Brandy Station

The Winter Camp of 1863-1864

 
 
Battle of Brandy Station Marker image. Click for full size.
By T. Elizabeth Renich, September 5, 2016
1. Battle of Brandy Station Marker
The Winter Camp of 1863-1864
Inscription. The 1863 campaigns for Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, and Mine Run exacted an immense toll upon the Army of the Potomac. Union Gen. George G. Meade deemed it vital to rest his command. War Department officials also used this opportunity to replenish ranks and bolster the arm's hemorrhaged logistical infrastructure. During the second week of December 1863, Federal troops began building a vast winter camp in Culpeper County, with headquarters operations centered on Fleetwood Hill.

Meade's headquarters tents sprawled over the hill's northern spur, a half-mile distant. The Third Corps headquarters sprang up here, on southern Fleetwood. The Third Corps tents spread out around Stevensburg, the Fifth Corps at Rappahannock Station, the Sixth Corps over northern Fleetwood, and the First Corps in and around Culpeper Court House. Three cavalry divisions established a mounted picket line that surrounded the army and extended as far north as Warrenton. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant assumed command of all United States armies and arrived here in April 1864 to accompany the Army of the Potomac on its spring 1864 campaign. On May 4, the rejuvenated and well-trained Army of the Potomac departed Fleetwood Hill forever to begin the Overland Campaign. The Wilderness waited.

"There was something fascinating about our winter city of 100,000 men. History should know that our military service did not consist entirely of being shot at, or trying to shoot the other man."
—Maj. Thomas W. Hyde, staff officer, Sixth Corps, USA

"The one thing that we suffered the most from, the hardship hardest to bear, was hunger. The scantiness of the rations was something fierce. We never got a square meal that winter. We were always hungry."
—Pvt. William M. Dame, Richmond Howitzers, From the Rapidan to Richmond (1920)
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails, Civil War Trust.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 30.569′ N, 77° 52.768′ W. Marker is in Brandy Station, Virginia, in Culpeper County. Marker is at the intersection of Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) and Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east on Fleetwood Heights Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Brandy Station VA 22714, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Brandy Station (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Brandy Station.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by T. Elizabeth Renich of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 154 times since then and 25 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on , by T. Elizabeth Renich of Leesburg, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on September 6, 2016.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Wide shot of marker and its surroundings. • Can you help?
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