“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Ten Sleep in Washakie County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)

Spring Creek Raid

April 2nd, 1909

Spring Creek Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 4, 2016
1. Spring Creek Raid Marker
Sheepherders wagon on the upper left and destroyed wagon on the upper right.
Inscription. Cattlemen of the Big Horn Basin dominated the range for many years and set up boundaries or "deadlines" where sheep were forbidden. Fierce animosity grew between the opposing sheep and cattle ranchers as several sheep camps were raided during the late 1800s and early 1900s.
In late March, 1909, Joe Allemand, a French sheepman, and Joe Emge, a cattleman turned sheepman, left Worland headed for Spring Creek with 5000 head of sheep. They were accompanied by Allemand's nephew, Jules Lazier, and two sheepherders, Bounce Helmer and Pete Cafferal. Talk spread like wildfire across the western slope of the Big Horn Mountains as the deadline was crossed and plans were soon made to head off this intrusion.
On the moonlit night of April 2, 1909, seven masked riders approached the sheep camp's two wagons where the herders slept. Gunfire lit the night as rifles blazed. Emge and Lazier were killed in their wagon and both wagons were set afire. Allemand emerged from the flames, but was quickly shot down.
The monument on this side of the road is situated at the site of the south wagon. The monument on the north side of Spring Creek is near the location of the wagon where the sheepmen were killed. Five of the perpetrators were convicted and sent to prison. Public reaction against this brutal and tragic act left no doubt that violence
Spring Creek Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 4, 2016
2. Spring Creek Raid Marker
The South Wagon monument is in the background.
on Wyoming's open range would no longer be tolerated.
Erected by Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office.
Location. 43° 57.327′ N, 107° 23.292′ W. Marker is near Ten Sleep, Wyoming, in Washakie County. Marker is on Wyoming Route 434 at milepost 6, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ten Sleep WY 82442, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Site of South Wagon (within shouting distance of this marker); Ten Sleep Memorial (approx. 6.1 miles away); Bighorn National Forest (approx. 9.8 miles away); Leigh Creek Monument (approx. 10.4 miles away); Tensleep Canyon (approx. 10.4 miles away).
Also see . . .  The Spring Creek Raid: The Last Murderous Sheep Raid in the Big Horn Basin - WyoHistory. On April 2, 1909, seven cowmen attacked a sheep camp near Spring Creek, just south of Ten Sleep, Wyo., in the southern Big Horn Basin. The raiders killed three men—roasting two in their burning sheep wagon and shooting the third—kidnapped two others, killed sheep dogs and dozens of sheep and destroyed thousands of dollars of personal property. It was the deadliest sheep raid in Wyoming history. (Submitted on September 16, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
Categories. Notable Events
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 86 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page was last revised on September 16, 2016.
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