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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Upton in Weston County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
 

Texas Trail - 1866 to 1897

 
 
Texas Trail - 1866 to 1897 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 7, 2016
1. Texas Trail - 1866 to 1897 Marker
Inscription. Following the Civil War, construction of the transcontinental Railroad opened the west, ensuring elimination of the buffalo herds, forcing Native American Indians onto reservations where the military provided food. The rails transported range fattened cattle to eastern markets. The range cattle industry spread over the central and northern plains, and became one of the most significant economic developments in late 19th century U.S. history.
Within a decade, cattle was king, providing: jobs for veterans, exotic investment opportunities for foreign investors, markets for excess grain produced by improved farming methods, food for eastern industrial centers and romantic visions of life in the west.
Leggy Texas longhorns moved as far north as Canada to take advantage of open range grazing and lucrative government contracts. These routes became known collectively as the "Texas Trail". One entered Wyoming near Cheyenne, headed north past Fort Laramie, Newcastle, Upton, into Moorcroft, and then west to northeast Wyoming. "We had been told that from the Cheyenne River to Powder River there was likely no water, which we surely found out.... The weathered was hot and at the end of the second day the cattle commenced to grind their teeth in their suffering...their groans were enough to raise the hair on a wooden Indian."
Eventually,
Texas Trail - 1866 to 1897 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 7, 2016
2. Texas Trail - 1866 to 1897 Marker
pioneers settled the open range and poor business practices combined with harsh weather forced the cattle barons to change their ways. By 1888 the volume of cattle driven from Texas north to the open plains dwindled, and by 1900 the drives had ceased altogether.
 
Erected by Weston county Historical Society & Anna Miller Museum.
 
Location. 43° 52.296′ N, 104° 47.886′ W. Marker is near Upton, Wyoming, in Weston County. Marker is on Wyoming Route 116 at milepost 20 near Raven Creek Road (County Route 18), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2014 Wyoming Highway 116, Upton WY 82730, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Texas Trail - 1866 - 1897 (approx. 13.4 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  Texas Trail - Bureau of Land Management. Most of the early cattle herds passed through Wyoming and were used to establish Montana's ranching industry. Eventually, cattlemen recognized the value of Wyoming's grasslands and started ranching in the state. (Submitted on September 27, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. AnimalsIndustry & CommerceRoads & Vehicles
 
Wyoming Trail Herd image. Click for full size.
By C. D. Kirkland, circa 1880
3. Wyoming Trail Herd
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 188 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page was last revised on October 3, 2016.
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