Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pasadena in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The History of Ft Smallwood Park

 
 
The History of Ft Smallwood Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, October 6, 2016
1. The History of Ft Smallwood Park Marker
Inscription. Before the Park (1674-1896)

Native Americans have used this land for more than 5,000 years, leaving behind piles of oyster shell, along with shards of pottery and projectile points from the Lat Archaic (3,750BC-1,250BC) to the Woodland (1,250BC-1,600AD) periods.

In 1674, Joseph and Ann Symmons established a plantation on Rock Point, remanants of which are within the Park boundaries. Through the 18th and early 19th century, the land passed through many prominent families in the County, including the Hawkins, Burle's, Hammond's, and Hancock's.

Known as Rock Creek Farm by 1851, the Hancock Family farmed the land until 1896. Archeaological remnants of their dwelling have been identified on the Park.

Military Period (1869-1927)

In 1896, the U.S. Government acquired 100 acres of land at Rock Point and established a military garrison under the United States Coastal Artillery Corps known as Ft Smallwood. Named for Major General William Smallwood, a Revolutionary War veteran and former Maryland Governon, the military garrison was one of the four Endicott Period (1890-1910) fortifications built on the Patapsco River during the Spanish-American War (1890-1910).

Together with Forts Howard, Armistead, and Carroll, Ft Smallwood formed a network of fortifications to protect
The History of Ft Smallwood Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, October 6, 2016
2. The History of Ft Smallwood Park Marker
This marker is the one in the center foreground of this photo. View is of the boat ramp looking out on the water where Rock Creek meets the Patapsco River. The Francis Scott Key Bridge, and downtown Baltimore behind it, is way off in the background.
Baltimore from perceived Imperialist threats by Spain. By 1927, the United States War Department decided that coastal defenses along the Patapsco River were unnecessary and the property was acquired by Baltimore City for use as a public park.
 
Location. 39° 9.742′ N, 76° 29.075′ W. Marker is in Pasadena, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker can be reached from Fort Smallwood Road (Maryland Route 174) 0.1 miles from Parkside Drive. Click for map. Marker is within the park, near the boat ramp, and directly in front of the old concession stand. Marker is in this post office area: Pasadena MD 21122, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named The History of Ft Smallwood Park (here, next to this marker); Preservation in Progress (a few steps from this marker); Bill Burton Fishing Pier (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Smallwood Park Flagpole (about 800 feet away); Prime View (approx. 0.4 miles away); Veterans of Foreign Wars (approx. 1.3 miles away); In Memoriam (approx. 2 miles away); Observing the Enemy (approx. 2.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Pasadena.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, Spanish-American
 
Battery Hartshorne image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, October 6, 2016
3. Battery Hartshorne
Text from the marker photo: Battery Hartshorne (1899) is the oldest of two structures that survive from the Military Period. The other is the Barracks. A second battery, Battery Sykes, once stood near here, though was demolished in 1927. The Hartshorne Battery was fitted with a pair of breech-loading rifles mounted on disappearing carriages, an innovative but short-lived miltary technology.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 125 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page was last revised on October 9, 2016.
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