Middletown in Middlesex County, Connecticut — The American Northeast (New England)
Jehosaphat Starr House
This fine post-and-beam house has been home to numerous prominent Middletown figures since it was originally built in the 1750s. In 1777, Jehosaphat Starr, Jr. left this house, his birthplace, to become a Revolutionary War soldier. Within a few months the 18 year-old had been captured by the British on Long Island. He was released some months later in a prisoner of war exchange. Undaunted, Starr resumed his army service and rose to the rank of ensign.
Scores of Middletown men, from privates to generals fought in the war for America's independence. They suffered many casualties. Some were killed in battle or died under desperate conditions in British prisons. Many soldiers fell victim to exposure, dysentery, or the dreaded smallpox in American army camps.
The fortunate soldiers returned to Middletown after the American victory. Jehosaphat Starr, Jr. came home with a new wife, Mary Warne, whom he had married in New York. The couple bought this house from Jehosaphat, Sr., and raised nine children under its roof.
The land the Starr house sits on was part of the homelot of Samuel Stow, Middletown's first minister and one of the town’s original proprietors in 1651. Jeremiah Wetmore, Jr., Samuel Stow's great-grandson, built the original five-bay center-chimney structure between 1752 and 1756.
This house is privately owned and is not open to the public
Middletown remained fiercely pro-independence, and few of its residents defected to the British side. One who did was Irish-born Timothy Hierlihy, a farmer and veteran of the French and Indian War. Hierlihy worked as a secret agent of sorts, recruiting Loyalist troops. In 1776, Hierlihy joined the Prince of Wales regiment of American Loyalists in Long Island, receiving a commission as a British major. Doing so, he left behind a wife and nine children. His wife, Elizabeth Wetmore, was a descendant of one of Middletown's earliest settlers. She and the children faced desperate times since Hierlihy's property was confiscated for his treasonous actions. The family was eventually reunited, settling in Nova Scotia after the war.
Revolutionary War soldier Ebenezer Frothingham, Jr. wrote home to his parents in Middletown in January of 1779 describing the American soldiers’ suffering: “Some of the Brigades are four days at a time without a mouthful of Meat… the Troops are almost starv’d... They suffered greatly… the greatest part of them without a Shoe to their feet…”
Middletown provided no fewer than 16 privateer vessels during the Revolutionary War. One such was the schooner Bunker Hill, with ten guns and a crew of 45. It was owned by Middletown merchant Comfort Sage and captained by another local seaman, Sanford Thompson. On April 14, 1780 Captain Thompson and three of his crew were wounded in an engagement with the heavily armed British privateer Dolphin. But two weeks later Thompson pulled into port with a captured British schooner, the Lee, loaded with a rich cargo of sugar, molasses and rum.
Middletown was ideally suited to help the patriot maritime cause. The town was at the height of its prosperity, much of which was derived from shipping. It also had many skilled seamen and merchants already accustomed to great risks and rewards from their trade with the West Indies.
William VanDeursen commanded the privateer brigantine Middletown with six guns and a crew of eighteen in 1781.
Courtesy of the Middlesex County Historical Society
Families with six to eight children were common in colonial Connecticut. Every birth carried with it the threat of death for the mother, and most couples could expect to bury at least one child. Sarah Star was a strong woman who survived her thirteen deliveries, but mourned the deaths of seven of her children who never reached adulthood. Her triplets died in infancy: four other children died in early childhood or as teenagers. One of those, Comfort Starr, went to sea at age sixteen. His ship was never heard from again.
Erected by the Middlesex County Historical Society.
Location. 41° 33.729′ N, 72° 39.107′ W. Marker is in Middletown, Connecticut, in Middlesex County. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Street and Main Street, on the left when traveling east on Washington Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 110 Washington Street, Middletown CT 06457, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. St. Sebastian Church (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Russell Library (approx. 0.2 miles away); The deKoven House (approx. 0.2 miles away); deKoven House Community Center (approx. 0.2 miles away); Bigelow Tavern (approx. 0.2 miles away); Middletown in the 1600s (approx. 0.2 miles away); Middletown in the 1700s (approx. 0.2 miles away); Middletown in the 1800s (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Middletown.
More about this marker. Weather has affected the clarity of the text and pictures. The Middlesex County Historical Society generously aided in transcribing this marker.
Also see . . . The Middlesex County Historical Society. (Submitted on October 12, 2016, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Notable Buildings • Patriots & Patriotism •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page has been viewed 122 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page was last revised on October 12, 2016.